This member participated in the following discussions
In my opinion and with respect to sub Saharan Africa, I think in order to developers a good guideline for food systems and nutrition we have to consider strongly the issue of gender marginalization and in adequate financial assistance to women die to cultural challenges. during the last hidden hunger congress that took place in the University of Stuttgart Germany, I did a presentation on gender marginalization and the contribution to the triple birders of malnutrition in dis Saharan Africa with my NGO gender and youth solidarity for Sustainable Livelihood. in my research, I found that early traditional marriage has put women into chains, participating in pleasant farming to feed their family. most of the small farms are owned and run by rural women, these women have limited access to land and with little financial support from donor groups or their husbands therefore they tend to cultivate mostly crops that can sustaining their household with seeds which are not improved. these crops range from cereals, rubbers etc, which mostly have high energy content but with low nutritional value. these women are mostly uneducated and are into early marriages and because of cultural affiliations, they toil day in day out in small farms to Carter for their families. as tradition May demand, the wife has to feign for the family without any support for the polygamous husband. so they go to farm work all day long come back home late in the night and prepare food harvested from farm for their families. the husband is served with high priority followed by children and which of course these women end up eating just the remains. most of such husbands have small cash received from the sales of extra cultivated cereals which they can use to run the daily live by buying drinks whil the women and children toil. at the end of the day the husband grows with protruded stomach becoming obsessed and probed with diseases like hypertension, cardiac arrest, diabetes etc while the women and cchildren be come malnourished, with frequent attack of anaemia, early child dead, brain deformation etc just to name a few. so I thing giving women equal opportunity in marriage, education, land ownership and funding can help to improve on food security and nutritional problems
-women should be part of administration and decision making positions in government offices and inter-NGOs whose objectives are to improve food security, agriculture nd nutrition in resilient communities.
women should be given the opportunity to fair decision on when, who and how they get married
-cultural and traditional early marriages shouldn't be encouraged
-women should be given equal opportunity towards education especially in the field of agriculture and, food security and nutrition
-short training courses on agricultural innovation should be sponsored to impact and train the rural women
-government ad other organizations should engaged in supplying rural women with improved seeds of highly nutritious foods for cultivation
-women should be granted equal opportunity as to land ownership
-agricultural subvention and other funding to target food security issues should be focussed on rural women
-government agencies and international organisations should be fair enough to provide scholarship in agriculture and food security and nutrition to young underprivileged women from local communities
-gender marginalization and gender based violence in homes, offices and schools should be totally stamped out and should be a priority for human right organisations and other agencies to educate local communities with diverse cultural background and traditional stigma
thank you E.S Njieassam
CEO, Gender and Youth solidarity for Sustainable Livelihood-Cameroon
Greetings to you, my humble opinion stipulates thus,
holding to the fact that artificial fertilizers have huge effect on the life of the soil, causes eutrophication in water and the heavy metals contained in such as lead bio-magnify through the ecosystem and which totally affects human health, I think this totally contradicts the objectives of FAO program which is to eliminate hunger, poverty, malnutrition and food insecurity and off-course to improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries in a sustainable way.
there is therefore the need to first of identify the various stake holders involved, the consumers of artificial fertilizers, the producers and entrepreneurs involved and try to school them on the effects of artificial fertilizer on the ecosystem.
The FAO member states should encourage organic farming as a feasible means to effectively achieve sustainable agriculture and fight food insecurity. This could be through the production of organic fertilizers using farm, poultry and livestock waste and also to encourage environmental education in schools to be able to educate the future generation on the importance of organic farming on the environment. Training could also be given to farmers on the advantages of organic fertilizers over artificial fertilizers.
FAO member states could also place a high tax on the importation of artificial fertilizers and try to give subvention to farmers and train them on how to be able to recycle their farm waste to produce organic fertilizers.