During formulation of current MDG plan of action, the social cultural and political issues have been ignore, which was one of the main reasons not to achieve MDGs at the optimum level. The hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition should be considered in both away: from micro and macro perspective. Local issues should have scope to explain local perspective rather considering from global perspective. I think more investment should be considered for generating local knowledge, invention and innovation rather giving prescription from global perspective.
Social protection is a huge factor in food security.
Consider all the people who are displaced in camps that cannot be involved in agriculture. It should also be considered that the people who have access to land are worst affected by malnutrition and food insecurity. Because even though subsistence farming is the pillar to fighting hunger today many youth are shunning any form of farming as a job for the poor and selling off their land to buy cars and motorcycles and move to towns.
In Uganda most farming or rearing for family consumption is done by the females in the family while the males are more into cash crops but most women do not own land and mostly use a male relations land there is always the possibility of being thrown off the land especially with the death of a husband even in cases where women have as many as 10 children. With the displaced people due to rebel activities in the area and general political unrest.
There is never enough time to cultivate as the people fear for their lives ,the rebels steal their food or they have to move to another town where there land less and cannot produce any food for the family. The role the government can play to ensure food security would include ground work or a bottom up Approach where solutions and problems are sought from the stake holders. Research on seed varieties that are adaptable to the weather and more pest resistant so farmers do not lose money and morale with heavy looses Education in form of conferences on best farm practices at the village (muluka) level for maximum impact. Low interest loans. Good quality farm equipment by not allowing substandard quality into the county Politically enabling environment.
Gender biases need to be addressed Preservation at the village level also needs to be put in place because there times of plenty and waste since we rely on seasons so small scale manufacturers should be encouraged Small corporations of farmers producing the same products are the best means of intervention for study groups and loans It is an all round achievement to attain food security.
There is an opportunity of employment and earning an income from being involved in food
Theme 1: Key lessons learned are -Malnutrition is not well visible phenomena, moreover in Bangladesh and in many other developing countries it doesn't link with GDP, again food security doesn't always mean all types of food security needed to prevent malnutrition by all which is vital to prevent malnutrition and finally like all others goals this goal didn't get equal attention by policy makers in the initial years while the goal was set like other goals. Challenges and opportunities towards achieving food and nutrition security in the coming years is the strong sustainable political commitment toward this goal.
Theme 2: Increase community ownership and awareness about the impact of malnutrition is the key. So develop long term sustainable TV commercials on IYCF and also addressing life cycle approach as malnutrition is inter generational problem which will help to increase demand and will ultimately guide improve governance, rights-based approaches, accountability and finally achieve political commitment in achieving food and nutrition security
Theme 3: Yes country specific regional objectives, target and indicators need to be set along with the UN Secretary-General objectives to tackle hunger, food security malnutrition. Again strong and sustainable political commitment, development of strategy to ensure visible involvement of multi-sectoral including private sector are the key here.
Key lessons? That setting targets is a largely meaningless exercise if the process for achieving them is not sufficiently robust. There is now overwhelming evidence to demonstrate that the consequences of climate change is placing agriculture under significant pressure in different parts of the world, leaving tens of millions more vulnerable each year. Until governments begin to demonstrate some real leadership on climate change, setting targets to reduce hunger seems like arranging deck chairs...
While all of the objectives of Theme 3 seem laudable, a strong and unwavering commitment to building sustainable food systems seems to me the right place to begin and one that might subsequently deliver on the other objectives. This would require rolling out programmes in support of agro-ecological farming methods at one end, while working to refashion food consumption norms around the world at the other, and particularly those of the world's richest societies.
Comentarios de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público de México a la consulta electrónica sobre "El hambre y la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional"
En lo que se refiere a la pregunta ¿Cuáles considera los principales retos y oportunidades para lograr la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional en los próximos años? contemplada en el primer tema de la presente consulta, en el marco del G20 México ha planteado que es necesario atacar los siguientes grandes campos para alcanzar la seguridad alimentaria:
En segundo lugar, respecto al cuestionamiento contenido en el tema 2, acerca de qué funciona mejor y teniendo como base los conocimientos actuales, al responder cómo deberían abordarse los desafíos por venir del hambre, la inseguridad alimentaria y la malnutrición, así como hablando de la importancia que tienen las cuestiones de mejora de la gobernanza, los enfoques basados en los derechos, la responsabilidad y el compromiso político para lograr la seguridad alimentaria y la nutrición, México está convencido de la importancia de la seguridad alimentaria para lograr un crecimiento sostenido e inclusivo.
Nuestro país destaca el incremento de la productividad y de la producción, así como el mejoramiento del funcionamiento y la transparencia de los mercados de materias primas, como las mejores políticas para fortalecer la seguridad alimentaria y para reducir tanto la volatilidad excesiva de los precios de materias primas, como los efectos negativos de dicha volatilidad sobre la economía y el bienestar de la población. Durante la Presidencia Mexicana del G20 en 2012 se estableció como prioridad en la agenda el tema “Fortalecimiento de la Seguridad Alimentaria y Atención a la Volatilidad de los Precios de Materias Primas”.
Algunas experiencias que vale la pena destacar en torno al tema, son los principales compromisos establecidos por los Líderes del G20 en la Cumbre de Los Cabos:
I think that targets should be evaluated in a short term, not more than 10-12 years, and revised it frequently.
The challenge in the coming years is related with the growing number of population, the production methods to cover these needs, and the sustainability of growth. This 3 issues linked to each other will probably determine achieving food and nutrition security.
To address the hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition challenges, country level political awarness is needed. The question is, does politicians are interested in this challenges? are they fully aware?.
Global initiatives are interesting I hope they are really focus on country needs.
I think globally main objectives need to be address, however, specific indicators should be country-specific.
Key lessons from MDG framework?
Lack of political commitment from governments and neglect of the gender dimension. Key challenge for the future of food and nutrition security? Sufficient political commitment from governments.
What works best? Social safety nets in the short term to ensure sufficient access to food and nutrition security. In the longer term there is no substitute to investment in smallholder agriculture, organisational learning through producer associations and better infrastructure for producing, storage and distribution'to boost output and reduce wastage.
Post 2015 targets? Who can have confidence in any target, promise or commitment from any government given the way the right to food has been consistently violated? Governments need to earn credibility on the food security front before they expect citizens to take their targets seriously.
Regarding theme 3 on targets and indicators, I wholeheartedly agree with a target such as 'b' framed around zero stunting under 2. That is arguably, the highest priorty overall in nutrition going forward, viable, and if done correctly, sustainable. It does, of course, require child stunting to be a primary indicator, which all the implications that carries in terms of cost, training, and reporting--but I sense that the global community is ready for that to happen.
That said, stunting of children older than 2 needs to be tracked (so the indicator should arguably call for height for age to be collected and reported for <5s, with <2s separated out, and by gender). What is more, there needs to be a parallel focus on some additional, equally critical elements of the nutrition problem which can't be assumed away by a single-minded focus on the 1,000 days. These would include: a) key micronutrient deficiencies, b) childhood obesity, c) maternal nutrition and IUGR, and d) wasting (treatment as well as prevention). Yes, these overlap with stunting, but not fully and not consistently--and success in achieving zero stunting in children under 2 can be compromised where these other dimensions are not addressed simultaneously.
The approach taken should therefore be one focused on net gains across these key dimensions of nutrition, not gross gains in one area at the expense of, or without, gains in each of the others.
I know that alot of people have discussed food security so I just want to add something on dealing with Malnutrition especially in relation to the issue of stunting. I believe if we could concentrate on animal protein intake boosting in countries like malawi we could reduce stunting and other nutrient difiency related problems. There is quite high intake of Carbohydrates and vegitables but very minimal on the animal protein. If the food security intervention were around small animals which could be easily consumed at household level then children would also benefited. Let interventions in the next period incorporate this.
It has been a quite interesting and a learning processing to read all the contributions, I as well posted my contribution on 11/12/2012 which I feel needs further elaboration in order to emphasize the need of a grass-root level planning that addresses the issues from bottom to top rather than that goes from top to bottom.
"Any country it may be country with high human fertility or low human fertility country, ensuring self-employment through agricultural & livestock productions at least to one member of a vulnerable family with mobile assistance in all aspects to attain our objective of ensuring food all void of malnutrition. Land availability of vulnerable group shall not be a constraint in ensuring the self- employment of agricultural nature in a selected smallest area representing a particular community with appropriate crop and livestock selected for that community"
Further elaborating on this, the major limitation in implementing of such a self-employment agricultural & livestock and project for a particular community is lack of self-owned land by the vulnerable families.
If a vulnerable family is owning a land could not involve in self-reliance for food production for other reasons such as lack of irrigation and other inputs necessary for the farming, the mobile unit moves into address the needs of that particular family on short term basis as well as on long term basis. The important part is that particular vulnerable family is inducted and induced into the project at the earliest possible disseminating the knowledge needed by them.
When it comes landless vulnerable families, which is obviously the most vulnerable group for hunger and malnutrition community farming system is undertaken to address the 10 to 15 land less families selected to be assisted by an organization or by the government itself of an famine vulnerable country to lease a land on a long term basis and the self-employment agricultural project implemented as for the self-owned land families. One or two members of a vulnerable family will work in that particular community farm based on the size of the land that would support conspicuously more than the number of individual members of families the community farming system is intended for. The assistance providing mobile organization will bear in mind that this is a self-employment project apart from addressing food need and malnutrition will establish a cooperative system within the community farming system so that produces and output are evenly distributed amongst the member families.
Based on the success of a particular community farming system, the cooperation criteria will be extended to the other community farming systems as well with individual self-owned farming system
The objective of this elaboration is to stress the need of grass-root level planning towards the Global Strategic Framework for Food Security and Nutrition and Zero Hunger Challenge.
The need of a Vulnerable Family who is most likely to involve dedicatedly in such projects , a community of vulnerable families, a village of vulnerable communities and finally many villages of a country is addressed which ensures gradual control over what is done and what is not done towards the final objectives in a country through an organization.
This thematic discussion was led by FAO and WFP in collaboration with “The World We Want”.
The consultation was facilitated by the Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum)
All contributions received (DOC)