Re: The e-Consultation on Hunger, Food and Nutrition Security

Subhash Mehta Devarao Shivaram Trust, India

My thoughts on a more integrated multi sect oral response to meeting the nutritious food needs through agriculture in addition to my contributions 134 and 182; I am sharing Prof Dr Amar KJR Nayak’s case study (www. on how he and his colleagues, over a short term, have transformed one of the poorest communities in South Asia to one of long term sustainability by following the low cost integrated agriculture of the area for meeting their nutritious food needs, by using the producer org/ company (PC) intervention staffed by professionals ( creating human and institutional capacity among rural educated as general practitioners in agriculture) to manage risk, take over problems and responsibilities, other than on farm activities of their members, reduced hunger, mal nutrition, poverty, effect of climate change and suicides while improving livelihood, net income and purchasing power:


Integrated Low Cost Agriculture for Internal Consistency and External Synergy for Sustainability of Smallholder Farmers: Case of Nava Jyoti Agricultural Community

XIMB Sustainability Seminar Series, Working Paper 4.0 , August 2012

Amar KJR Nayak1


Both from a theoretical perspective and empirical evidences from smallholder agricultural community, the paper argues that technology intensive agriculture is unsuitable for smallholder  farmers [most believe that ecological agriculture is technology intensive] in  rural  agricultural  settings.  It  argues  that  integrated  low  cost agriculture is internally consistent  for sustainable agriculture and externally synergistic to smallholder   farmers,   local   ecology   and   greater   overall   performance   to   different stakeholders. Performance of smallholder farmers and the processes adopted in Nava Jyoti community over the last three years and evidences from a sample of organic farmers in India suggests that integrated low cost agriculture is the only way for sustainability of our food production  system at the base of the pyramid; that could ensure food  sufficiency, nutritional security and environmental safety for all. Intensive Agricultural Technology with GM Crops at its core may only be an illusion for food security.

Key Words

Food security, agricultural technology paradigm, smallholder farmer, net farmer income, internal consistency, external synergy, integrated low cost agriculture, sustainability

1 ©Amar KJR Nayak, Professor of Strategy and NABARD Chair Professor, Xavier Institute of

Management, Bhubaneswar, Email:


See the attachment: Navajyoti case study