Key challenges - the commercialization of food world wide, and the encrochment by commercial food industry interests into the decision making of non-governmental bodies around the world. To quote Baby Milk Action " Several WHA Resolutions have highlighted these risks and have called for 'governance' in health policy and programme setting to be protected from the undue influence of those who stand to gain financially from decisions. Insustry involvement at a core strategic level can favour market led response to infant and young child feeding that sidelines the critical role of breastfeeding and appropriate complementary feeding"... of 'home' foods. See coicoalition.blogspot.com
What works best. A respect for the rights of the child! It is a child's right to have it's mother's milk. (3) An approach that respects human rights, and one which incorporates the basic tenets of medical ethics ( after all, over and under nutrition end up being medical problems!); autonomy and veracity (parents getting the truth about the risks of NOT breastfeeding when a choice of feeding is available); beneficence and non-maleficence (acknowlegement without guilt, that NOT receiving human milk for the first six months is harmful), and justice (the same rules for all babies, children, familes and mothers no matter where in the world they live).
(3) Convention on the Rights of the Child, 24.1.g http://www.unicef.org/crc/
(4) Nygren-Krug, Helena. A human rights based approach to non-communicable disease. http://www.swisshumanrightsbook.com/SHRB/shrb_03_files/16_453_Nygren.pdf
(5) Ball O. Breastfeeding is a human right. Breastfeeding Review. 2010;18(3)9-19
This thematic discussion was led by FAO and WFP in collaboration with “The World We Want”.
The consultation was facilitated by the Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum)