Theme 2: What works best?
1. Targeting nutrition inputs during the most critical period of the life cycle i. e the first 1,000 days of life.
Child in Need Institute (CINI) has adopted this crucial strategy to get poor women and their family members provide support and care during pregnancy and the first two years of life. Working with trained women who have good communication skills, selected from the locality, help to bring about crucial behavior change to ensure exclusive breast feeding and addition of locally available supplements during 6 months to two years. Accessing health care during this period for commonly treatable childhood ailments from local health facilities is vital to cut the interaction between infection and malnutrition - the biggest cause of malnutrition and ill health during this period.
2. Working with women self help groups.
Many of these groups now have access to microcredits and bank loans in India, but what they do not have is the wisdom to invest their earnings in child care, good food, safe water and sewage disposal. Frequent interaction with trained workers make this possible.
3. Through a rights based approach, ensure access and utilisation of existing services provided by the government. Even the poor when empowered with knowledge are able to make the best use of existing services.
4. Ensure convergence of locally available services so that a well nourished and healthy child is sent to school, provided protection so that s/he do not end up as a child labour or is trafficked.
5. CINI in India works very closely with state and national government to add value to existing government programmes to benefit children in the areas of nutrition, health, education and protection in an integrated manner.
These are the insights gained by CINI since it was founded by me in 1974 in Kolkata, India. Visit www.cini-india.org to know more about our integrated approach through establishing "Child and Woman Friendly Communities" (CWFC).
This thematic discussion was led by FAO and WFP in collaboration with “The World We Want”.
The consultation was facilitated by the Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum)