Re: The e-Consultation on Hunger, Food and Nutrition Security

Hugo Bayó Costa Rica

Theme 1-2 and 3:

My humble experience has been developed in Mozambique, China, Cape Verde, Costa Rica, Panamá, Ecuador, Brazil ans Spain. Nowadays, hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition are linked to poverty, so:

- To understand poverty, one must speak directly with the people living in poverty.

-The MDGs represented the minimum that the global community could agree on.

- MDGs didn’t engage with the poorest people.

- The lives of people living in poverty are highly complex, and these complexities are not well understood. Analyses tend to focus on issues of power and politics but miss many other dimensions.

- We need to build learning processes intod evelopment systems, onest hat involve asking questions, analyzing data and incorporating comprehensive participatory engagement. This kind of engagement is more important than any particular goal.

-Reaching the poorest should be the principal focus of the agenda.

- The Post-2015 development agenda should be inclusive, sustainable and growth oriented.

- We need to cooperate to reach these goals, but even within a collaborative framework, countries need to be given the space to develop their own policies. The UN cannot be prescriptive; it can only provide a framework. Countries need to proceed in their own way.

-Poverty eradication and sustainable development are part of one agenda.

-Challenges: the biggest killers of infants living in poverty are diarrhea and pneumonia, inequalities between small and larger farmers are growing, agricultural production is falling, weather patterns are becoming erratic, and electricity is expensive. Other challenges include multi-dimensionality of poverty, youth bulge,corruption, lack of property rights.

-Successful interventions include electricity, irrigation in rural areas, roads, change to agriculture and availability of water. In addition to basic infrastructure, development has been driven by girls’ education, good governance (especially in terms of service delivery) and the opening up of trade (although this has at times heightened the rural/urban divide and led to inequality.) -Interventions have to be targeted; sustained growth is not enough.

-Human rights have to be central to economic development. Women’s and girls’ rights have not been raised in this discussion. Women represent 70% of those living in poverty.

–We must analyze power relations and the structures by which people are kept in poverty.

-We cannot rush the process of developing a Post-2015 policy framework. We need time to get it right.

-The decision-making process around the PN2015 development agenda has not been inclusive. Major Groups’ level of access to information has decreased since Rio+20.

See the attachment: Post 2015 development agenda.pdf