The extractive model of agriculture based on deforestation, fire, grazing, and super turnings excessive soil has caused the degradation of the agroecosystems. In Brazil, for example, more than two thirds of the 130 million hectares of pasture areas are in some stage of degradation. An alternative for the producer, it is to incorporate such areas into the production systems in a planned way. This means, not only increase food supply nobles such as milk, meat, and cereals, but also produce multiple planted forest products, such as wood, energy, fiber and biodiesel.
The recovery degraded areas foster economical benefits, as well as social and environmental ones, too. By incorporating these areas in the production system, we will minimize pressure on native forest and reduce deforestation. All these without the need to open new agricultural frontiers. Also, it could develop employment and income, produce cheaper food, favour poor consumers, and decrease poverty and misery. Thus, the Brazilian government launched a credit line called “Programa Agricultura de Baixa Emissão de Carbono - ABC” (Agriculture Low Carbon Programme) aiming at the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices. The ABC Programme finances multiples systems, such as the recovery of degraded pastures and reserves, no - tillage, planted forest, biological nitrogen fixation, treatment of animal wastes, silvopastoral, agroforest and agrosilvipastoral. The maximum amount financed is up to R$ 1 million (about US$ 499.450, 00) per transaction. The deadlines for payments are between 5 to 15 years, with interest rate of 5% per year. The aim of the Brazilian government in launching the programme, it is to align it with the country’s commitment to reduce CO2 emissions in agriculture, between 133 and 156 million tonnes by 2020, according to Copenhagen COP-15, in 2009. Since 2008, this agrosilvipastoral system has been implemented in the town of Coronel Xavier Chaves, state of Minas Gerais, (3301 inhabitants), with the help of Emater-MG, in partnership with Embrapa Dairy Cattle. So far, they have recovered about 91 hectares of degraded areas through agrosilvipastoral systems. Because of the good results related to the use of the new systems in that town, last year, ABC credit line programme released the amount R$ 113.000,00 (about US$ 56.437, 92) to a local farmer project to recover the degraded pastures of his farm through silvopastoral system.
Thanks for opportunity!
Leonardo Henrique Ferreira Calsavara (MSc.student)
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These discussions are led by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP)
and facilitated by the Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum)