Re: Addressing food insecurity in protracted crises: Resilience-building programming

Alexis Bonte FAO, Ghana


As we all know Resilience is multi facettes and to build it, it requires also a more holistic approach addressing the livelihoods capital (as much as we can).

In several countries (uganda, honduras, nicaragua, ....) there have been some intersting projects combining :

1) technical aspects (disaster risk reduction, cliamte change adaptation and natural ressources management : the so called good agric practices (GAP) with

2) socio-economic aspects (savings and loans schemes at community level - SL).

These two aspects have been implemented through the Farmer Field School  (FFS) methodology (participatory learning process) which is the main conduit of the two first aspects (techn and socio economic). In addition, the FFS has a really important impact in terms of social resilience as the members are involved in a dynamic process combining community and individual interest with short and long term implications.

As most of the members are quite poor, it was also considered opportune to boost their initial SL capital through (temporary and conditional) cash for work activities. The funds they earned was split between investment for the SL capital and direct earnings for the member households to cover basic social needs.

After around 24 months of support from the project (funded by FAO but implemented with NGOs) these groups are also attracting other opportunites/services providers from NGO, Gvt, private sector (cotton, sunflower, coffee, ...) who consider these groups as having a big potential for success after having developped their capacities in terms of technics and financial skills and credibility. The additional/complemtary "services/opportunities" are key to further develop resilience of the group and members in a more comprehensive manner.

Some of these groups are also putting some "conditionalities" for their members to get access to the SL scheme; you have to apply the GAP (that have been identified by the group) to continue to benefit from the SL. Normal as the GAP represent a sort of "garantee" that you will have a higher probability to harvest more and better capacity to reimburse your loan. These reimbursement actually are savings for the members !

So it appears to be a quite interesting virtuous circle that would deserve to be shared.

Thanks for having taken this initiative ! And hope it can assist to develop concrete interventions for people.