The rights based approach must not ignore sustainability in its three segments ecological, economical and social. The freedoms brought about respect for human rights, although important should be addressed when production is already there for they only address social sustainability and lack the other two. In essence it can be a hindrance to food security.
Human rights cannot make a person food secured. It is production, access and utilization that make one food secure. Therefore it is important that we consider first things first. If providing land for subsistence farming is placed prioritised in the rights based approach, then the approach is justified and food security can be achieved.
Food aid can save lives in emergencies but when prolonged, it becomes detrimental to the society. Food aid that only involves food distribution must therefore be given only in emergencies. There is also a tendency of organization involved in food aid to justify their existence by providing food distribution even where livelihoods can be used as a tool to food security.
Sustainability should be included in the initial plans of response even in areas affected by famine. The amount of money used in food aid is too much and if it can be used well can transform food insecure communities to secured communities.
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These discussions are led by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP)
and facilitated by the Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum)