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Consultation
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Effective multi-stakeholder dialogue and collaboration to improve the design, implementation and impact of Public-Private Partnerships in Africa’s agricultural sector

You are cordially invited to participate in this online consultation on agricultural Public Private Partnerships (agri-PPPs). We would appreciate your comments on the draft ‘Guidelines for the design and implementation of effective Public Private Partnerships in the agriculture sector (agri-PPPs)’.  The guiding questions below provide an outline for the type of information we would like to gather.  

This online consultation jointly moderated by FAO and AUC, will allow a broad range of stakeholders to provide their experiences and insights on the development of agri-PPPs in Africa. The consultation will serve to enrich the PPP roundtable dialogues which will be held in selected African countries, provide additional insights for policy makers and expand the inclusiveness of the exercise.  It will also inform the finalization of the PPP guidelines. 

The consultation is open from 5 – 19 June. We look forward to receiving your comments.

Background

Unleashing the potential for inclusive agricultural growth and transformation in Africa requires coordinated and strategic public and private investment in the sector. Against a background of limited government resources and expertise, public-private partnerships (PPPs) are increasingly being promoted around the world as a mechanism to pool resources, reduce risk, improve productivity and drive growth in the agriculture and food sectors. In line with this trend, many African countries have recently expressed an interest in further understanding the potential for PPPs in the agriculture sector (agri-PPPs) to deliver on these transformative goals. This interest is also reflected in the Sustaining Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Momentum Results Framework 2015-2025. Pillar 4 of the Malabo Declaration of 2014 aims to halve poverty by 2025 through inclusive agricultural growth and transformation and foresees a clear role for agri-PPPs to contribute towards the achievement of this objective. By 2025, African Union (AU) member states have committed to “establishing and/or strengthening inclusive public-private partnerships for at least 5 priority agriculture commodity value chains with strong linkage to smallholder agriculture”[1].

During 2011 – 2013, FAO initiated a series of appraisals of agricultural Public Private Partnerships (agri-PPPs) in 15 African, Asian and Latin American countries. Experiences from these appraisals formed the basis of a synthesis report, launched in 2016, with the primary objective to draw lessons that could provide guidance to FAO member countries on how to partner effectively with the private sector to mobilize resources for agribusiness development. In 2016, during the 29th FAO Africa Regional Conference, member states requested documentation of additional case studies to improve understanding of agri-PPPs on the African continent and inform their agri-PPP policies, given that the 2025 CAADP growth goals aim to establish PPPs for at least five priority agricultural commodity value chains in each country.

It is within this context that the AUC partnered with FAO to work on improving understanding about the design, implementation and impact of agri-PPPs. The work involved an analysis of 24 agri-PPP case studies from eight African countries (Ethiopia, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Zambia and South Africa). The findings from these studies were validated in a workshop in May 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya[2].

Complementary to this, the African Union Commission (AUC) and the African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD) have fostered engagement with the private sector and agribusiness stakeholders to identify ways through which the contribution of this critical stakeholder group could be expanded and made more effective in contributing to the agricultural development agenda on the continent.  A framework for engagement of the private sector in agriculture and agribusiness, called the Country Agribusiness Partnership Framework (CAP-F) was subsequently developed which aims to stimulate private investments.

It is important that the knowledge from these exercises informs policy-makers to design and implement effective agri-PPPs in Africa.  In this regard, roundtables will be convened with identified policy makers, private sector entities and other stakeholders in selected countries – Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Uganda and Zambia - to discuss the country context, and opportunities for promotion of agri-PPPs. The draft guidelines for structuring effective agri-PPPs will also be discussed. The engagement with the countries will provide additional insights, which will inform the finalization of a set of guidelines for design of successful agri-PPPs in Africa. The work will complement ongoing efforts by AUC/AUDA-NEPAD and Grow Africa in rolling out the CAP-F in a number of countries in Africa (currently ongoing in Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Uganda).

Guiding Questions

  1. What is your understanding of Public Private Partnership in agribusiness (agri-PPPs)?
  2. How useful are agri-PPPs in the Ghanaian context? Please provide examples? From your experience, what are the factors key to the successful implementation of agri-PPPs?
  3. How can we protect smallholders and share risks fairly, while at the same time ensuring that the agri-PPP is attractive to private investors?
  4. Which policy changes/reforms are required to improve private investment for agribusiness in Ghana through PPPs?
  5. Which institutional arrangements are required to promote agri-PPPs in Ghana for effective engagement and investment of the private sector in agribusiness in Ghana?
  6. How should support for increased private investment in agribusiness through PPPs be coordinated in Ghana?
  7. How should progress on agri-PPPs implementation in Ghana be documented and reported?
  8. Who are the main stakeholders for effective design, implementation and reporting on agri-PPPs in Ghana?

Stephanie Gallatova, Agribusiness Officer, FAO
Mark Kofi Fynn, CAADP Advisor Agribusiness, African Union Commission

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