Continued population growth, urbanization and rising incomes are likely to continue to put pressure on food demand. International prices for most agricultural commodities are set to remain at 2010 levels or higher, at least for the next decade (OECD-FAO, 2010). Small-scale producers in many developing countries were not able to reap the benefits of high food prices during the 2007-2008 food price crises. Yet, this upward food price trend could have been an opportunity for them to increase their incomes and food security. The opportunity that high food prices could have provided as a pathway out of poverty for small producers was not realized.
Evidence from the ground shows that when strong rural organizations such as producer groups and cooperatives provide a full range of services to small producers, they are able to play a greater role in meeting a growing food demand on local, national and international markets. Indeed, a myriad of such institutional innovations from around the world are documented in this FAO case-study-based publication. Nevertheless, to be able to provide a broad array of services to their members, organizations have to develop a dense network of relationships among small producers, between small-producer organizations and with markets actors and policy-makers.
Today, the world’s natural resources are under increasing pressure and are often the object of important power struggles between corporations, states and communities. National governments and international institutions are responsible for shaping the environment in which these different interests operate. Growing foreign investments in land, water and other natural resources are found weakening developing countries’ capacity to regulate their food, land and water sectors. The international investment legal framework prioritizes the protection of investor rights over almost any other consideration. In this situation when nether the state machinery, nor the legal norms, nor the international actors are found supporting the world’s poor, can judiciary deliver the justice? This paper finds out what is viability of litigation for redressing situation of hunger and food insecurity.
This publication discusses key issues related to gender equality and rural employment in the context of poverty reduction. It presents various policy responses, empirical data and good practices
El documento busca caracterizar la economía campesina de subsistencia y de mercado, proponer un modelo de producción y consumo cooperativo que permita, a este sistema económico, desarrollar su potencial de producción aún no aprovechado, que se manifiesta en el gran número de unidades familiares que operan con bajos niveles de productividad, y que en conjunto suman un importante volumen de recursos humanos y de activos o factores de producción.