Right2Food in the context of Food Security; Governance and FS; Small farmers livelihoods and FS (vulnerability, risks management, entitlements and access to land and labour). Based on secondary and field research, I am currently working on an research hypothesis on the effective or not capacity of small farmers in Africa to produce structural surpluses for the market. The question is how subsistance farmers can be integrated in the market economy. This is a plury-dimensional approach aiming at providing inputs for policy making. I want to open this research hypothesis to public debate.