It is difficult to find references to certain topics in discussions on linkages between trade and food security. Probably it is an indicator of the low priority of those topics and the predominance of a paradigm that focus the attention of those that support it but also of those who dislike it. One example is regional integration processes and improvement of trade between neighbor countries, it is almost absent of the discussion. It has different implications in terms of food security: lower diversification and higher exposure to shocks, lack of opportunities for people in border regions, higher dependence on remote providers to balance supply and stocks during crisis…
Regarding to international standards, there are many countries where food safety policies only pay attention to the export sector and some wealthy urban sectors, creating a dual market, a formal one for those who can afford and other informal for local poor, creating in addition barriers that marginalize economically some groups instead of supporting them to strengthen their capacities to meet the standards and be part of the formal economy.
A human rights based approach can help to handle some of the negative externalities of trade on food security, not only for cases related to free trade agreements, also in other areas, promoting empowerment and increasing participation on decision making to balance priorities, including the needs of vulnerable people.
Please find attached and below my comments.
1. Do you have any general comments on the draft political declaration and its vision (paragraphs 1-3 of the zero draft)?
The role of care is not mentioned and the economic and social inequalities and constrains that limit or affect it.
2. Do you have any comments on the background and analysis provided in the political declaration (paragraphs 4-20 of the zero draft)?
There is not mention of the gender gap that is a crucial aspect to be addressed if we want to build more equitable food systems, but also if we want to ensure that finally it is translated in better nutritional outcomes. And absence of mention of the role of care and the lack of recognition of care is expressive of the gender gap.
3. Do you have any comments on the commitments proposed in the political declaration? In this connection, do you have any suggestions to contribute to a more technical elaboration to guide action and implementation on these commitments (paragraphs 21-23 of the zero draft)?
Considering comments provided in sections 1 and 2, the political declaration wouldn’t be complete, without specific mention on how to properly address the gender gap and improve recognition of care role in nutrition.