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全球粮食安全与营养论坛 · FSN论坛

Topic: Population dynamics

本文件概要总结了粮农组织全球粮食安全与营养论坛(FSN论坛)4月27日至5月25日举办的题 为“农业政策和战略如何帮助消除农业领域童工现象”的在线讨论的情况。

此次讨论是粮农组织迎接“2021消除童工现象国际年”的各项活动之一,也是其推动到2025年实 现可持续发展目标8.7的更广泛工作的一部分。应对农业领域童工问题往往需要采取综合性跨领域 方法。因此,参加者应邀围绕在减少农业领域童工现象方面切实有效的政策和战略的问题分享信 息和案例研究,分别涉及以下各领域:1)饥饿和营养不良;2)气候变化和环境退化;3)家庭农 业;4)创新;5)公共和私人投资;6)对国内供应链的关注;7)跨领域政策和战略。

农业政策和战略如何帮助 消除农业领域童工现象?

本报告探讨了未来粮食和农业的三种不同发展前景,这些前景是依据主要驱动要素的不同趋势得出的,包括收入增长和分配、人口增长、技术进步以及气候变化。

本出版物以题为《粮食与农业的未来——趋势与挑战》的报告为基础,是粮农组织支持询证决策进程的举措之一。它为实现消除饥饿、改善营养及确保粮食和农业系统的经济、社会和环境可持续性方面的可持续发展目标的可能战略选项提供了详实的定性和定量分析并进行了阐述。

粮食和农业的未来:实现2050年目标的各种途径

The report analyses the relation between conflict and food security, using country-level data that cover 106 countries in Africa, Asia, and Central and South America between 1961 and 2011.

The results highlight the negative correlation between conflict and food security, illustrating how certain types of conflict could potentially undo years of progress

Food security and armed conflict: a cross-country analysis

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The report warns that the greater number of conflicts, whose impacts are often exacerbated by climate-related shocks, is one of the main drivers behind the fact that after steadily declining for over a decade, global hunger appears to be on the rise once more. This is threatening to derail the international commitment to end hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030.

Furthermore, the report examines the ways in which food insecurity can trigger conflicts, and provides valuable insights into how food security can help prevent the outbreak of unrest and violence.

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017

The new report looks at how population growth, increasing urbanization, technologies, and climate change are transforming rural and urban areas, and how the world’s food systems are evolving. The report concludes that fulfilling the 2030 Agenda depends crucially on progress in rural areas, which is where most of the poor and hungry live today, and outlines a strategy for how agriculture and rural economies in developing countries can provide prosperity.  

The State of Food and Agriculture 2017

本文件针对的对象是各国政府、联合国系统及所有其他利益相关方,阐明了具有抵御力的农业生计在解决持久危机中迁移的一些根本原因以及帮助流离失所人口和收容社区应对长期流离失所方面能够发挥的作用。文件旨在提高人们对持续危机情况下迁移的理解,解释了持久危机中迁移的背景,举例说明了粮农组织与合作伙伴一起在各国开展工作来加强社区在持久危机前、危机中及危机后的抵御能力,从而“不让任何人掉队”。

迁移与持久危机 - 解决根本原因并建立具有抵御力的农业生计

Cash remittances have grown rapidly over the past two decades and are now at an all-time high. The World Bank estimates that international remittances reached USD436 billion in 2014, and predicts that they will increase to USD601 billion in 2016. Studies of remitting practices and impacts often define remittances to include both cash and in-kind (goods) flows. But they invariably ignore the volume, value and impacts of international goods (including food) remitting. When it comes to internal migration, the growing literature

Food remittances: Migration and food security in Africa

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