FAO and the GEF

Partnering for Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment

FAO at the 59th GEF Council

The December 2020 Work Program approved during the 59th GEF Council and the 29th LDCF Council has programmed over USD 78.5 million to 13 FAO-led projects to assist countries and communities in adopting more sustainable and climate-resilient practices, enact stronger policies to conserve biodiversity and natural resources on land and water, and foster policy coherence and transboundary cooperation. The projects approved in this work program will provide pathways for countries to address the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic while building long-term resilience of the ecosystems against future shocks caused by increasing climate risk and environmental degradation. 


Africa region (RAF)

The GEF Work Program approved in December 2020 over USD 18.7 million for two FAO-led projects in the Africa region. The financing is drawn from the GEF Trust Fund and the Least Developed Countries Fund, a resource for climate change adaptation projects in least developed countries.

Approved projects in RAF

Approved projects in RAF

  

Country

Project description

Benin

Strengthening Human and Natural Systems Resilience to Climate Change Through Mangrove Ecosystems Conservation and Sustainable Use in Southern Benin 

This project will increase the resilience of mangrove ecosystems and their dependent agricultural, forestry, and fishery communities in southern Benin. The project will achieve its objective through the implementation of three components with complementary financing from the biodiversity allocation of the GEF and the LDCF trust funds. The project leverages a GCF investment of USD 30 million which was designed in tandem with the proposed intervention while tackling more upstream lands adjacent to the mangrove ecosystems targeted by this intervention. The proposed intervention will also complement the West Africa Coastal Areas Resilience Investment Project.

Expected Impact: The project will place 120 000 ha of land under more climate resilient management, including 70 000 ha within Ramsar sites and 50 000 ha of surrounding smallholder production land, directly benefitting 350 000 people (of which 50% are women).

Focal area: Multi Focal Area

̌GEF Trust Fund grant: USD 2 945 250, LDCF Trust Fund grant: USD 4 890 500 ; Co-financing: USD 35 000 000

Read more in the project identification form.

Madagascar

Food Systems, Land Use and Restoration Impact Program national child project

FAO expanded the geographical reach of the Food Systems, Land Use and Restoration Impact Program to 28 countries with a project in Madagascar, a country with one of the world’s most unique plant and animal, biodiversity, critical crop genetic diversity, and demonstrated potential for sustainable, equitable development. The project will foster the development of a fair and inclusive coffee value chain by improving production practices, strengthening capacities of producer organizations to link with markets through enhanced traceability and certification and leveraging funding from new sources of financing, while also sustainably intensifying agricultural practices in associated systems (such as rice), for improved yields, income and nutrition. 

̌GEF grant: USD 10 762 788

Read more in the project identification form.


Asia and the Pacific region (RAP)

Over USD 26.3 million programmed for two regional and three national FAO-led projects in RAP to support countries and communities to conserve biodiversity in protected areas and key biodiversity areas, conserve and restore critically important rangelands and livestock production systems, adapt to the impacts of climate change, enhance sustainable supply chains, and manage groundwater and transboundary water resources.

Approved projects in RAP

Approved projects in RAP

 

 

Country

Project description

Regional, Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu

Enhancing Water-Food Security and Climate Resilience in Volcanic Island Countries of the Pacific 

This project will enhance water and food security and climate resilience, sustain ecosystem services, and relieve pressure on over-exploited coastal aquifers by expanding and assessing the role of volcanic aquifers and by introducing sound groundwater governance frameworks in Fiji, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. 

Expected Impact: The project will deliver over 2.7 million ha of landscapes under sustainable land management in production systems. 

Focal area: International Waters

GEF grant: USD 6 734 250; Co-financing: USD 23 400 000

Read more in the project identification form. 

Regional, Afghanistan, Tajikistan

Institutionalizing Transboundary Water Management Between Tajikistan and Afghanistan for the Panj River Sub Basin 

The project will integrate existing national basin development plans towards transboundary water management between Tajikistan and Afghanistan based on the formulation of a Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis – Strategic Action Program (TDA-SAP) process. The proposed project will improve the capacity of both countries to implement IWRM principles and develop effective transboundary water management between Tajikistan and Afghanistan. 

Expected Impact: The project will deliver more than 3.7 million ha of terrestrial protected areas under improved management effectiveness, 1 100 ha of degraded agricultural land restored, 25 000 ha of landscapes under improved management to benefit biodiversity, and the removal or disposal of 875 tons of solid and liquid Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).

Focal areas: Multi Focal Area

GEF grant: USD 8 970 000; Co-financing: USD 54 300 000

Read more in the project identification form.

Indonesia

Strengthening Capacities for Prevention, Control and Management of Invasive Alien Species (SMIAS) in Indonesia

This project will safeguard globally significant biodiversity and ecosystem services through improved prevention, control and management of invasive alien species (IAS) through: strengthened policy, regulatory, institutional and financing frameworks for IAS management; demonstrated landscape-level approach to invasive alien plant species (IAPS) management; strengthened knowledge & awareness of IAS issues among key stakeholders. In addition to policy work and working on prevention through customs enforcement, this project will focus on two PAs that are also KBAs to pilot approaches in IAS prevention and management. 

Expected impact: The project will result in the improved management of 94 026 ha of protected areas and biodiversity mainstreaming on 27 439 072 ha.

Focal area: Biodiversity

GEF grant: USD 5 000 000; Co-financing: USD 65 946 037

Read more in the project identification form.

Pakistan

Combating Land Degradation Through Integrated and Sustainable Range and Livestock Management to Promote Resilient Livelihoods in Northern Punjab

The project will conserve and restore critically important rangelands and livestock production systems and strengthen the resilience and sustainability of rangeland-dependent communities in dryland area.

Expected impact: The project will restore 3,000 ha of grass and shrublands with native species and bring 28,000 ha of rangelands under sustainable management, which will result in carbon sequestration of 157,000 tCO2e. About 20,000 local people will directly benefit from the project activities.

Focal area: Land Degradation

GEF grant: USD 2 500 000; Co-financing: USD 13 102 100

Read more in the project identification form.

Philippines

Sustainable Management of Natural Resources Towards Rehabilitation and Preservation of the Key Biodiversity Area along Bataan Province to Manila Bay 

This project is designed to mainstream biodiversity and sustainable land management in key biodiversity areas along Bataan province to Manila Bay, contributing to efforts towards building back better. The downturn of the tourism sector from Covid-19 will impact vulnerable communities, including indigenous peoples, and create pressure on ecosystems as people may turn to illegal fishing to supplement their incomes. The project will minimize these risks by supporting and training local communities, especially women, in biodiversity-friendly and climate-adaptive income-generating activities and skills, such as sustainable tourism, regenerative agriculture, and marketing and financial literacy.

Expected impact: The project will result in over 176 000 ha of restored land, over 46 000 ha of landscape under improved practices, 19 000 ha of terrestrial and nearly 600 ha of marine protected areas under improved management effectiveness while also pursuing alternative, sustainable livelihoods for communities.

Focal area: Multi Focal Area

GEF grant: USD 3 100 000; Co-financing: USD 15 500 000

Read more in the project identification form.


Latin America and the Caribbean region (RLC)

Close to USD 31 million programmed for five national FAO-led projects in RLC to support countries and communities to conserve marine biodiversity, enhance sustainable supply chains, reverse land degradation, and improve public and private management of transboundary water resources.

Approved projects in RLC

Approved projects in RLC

  

Country

Project description

Brazil

Strengthening Participatory Natural Resource Management Processes for Sustainable Economic Development, Conservation of Biodiversity and Maintenance of Carbon Stocks in Amazon Wetlands 

The objective of the project is to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and maintain carbon stocks in varzea floodplain forests and mangroves wetlands of Amazonia.

Expected impact: The project will result in the: (i) improved management of more than 970 000 ha in 17 terrestrial protected areas, (ii) improved management of over 33 000 ha of production landscapes important for biodiversity covering 3 lake complexes (Jurupari Grande, Parana do Jacare, and Seringa) and the Tefe region. 

Focal area: Biodiversity

GEF grant: USD 3 900 000; Co-financing: USD 18 462 000.

Read more in the project identification form.

Chile

Restoration of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services at the Landscape Scale on Productive Agroforestry Areas and their Natural Environment 

Addressing deforestation and ecosystem degradation, the project will initiate restoration processes of environmentally vulnerable landscapes in six regions. The objective is to enhance biodiversity conservation and increase the provision of ecosystem services by forests and other ecosystems, through the improvement of the agroforestry production systems and natural environments with the support of a better integrated and coordinated planning capacity, concrete economic incentives for restoration and the development of business models and sustainable value chains. The project represents a relevant initiative to trigger the implementation of Chile’s National Plan for Landscape Restoration.

Expected impact: The project is expected to bring 69 000 ha of landscapes under improved management (including 41 100 ha to improve the biodiversity), restore 9 200 ha of lands and benefit to close to 10 000 people. 

Focal area: Multi Focal Area

GEF grant: USD 6 377 315; Co-financing: USD 32 000 000.

Read more in the project identification form.

Mexico

Green and Inclusive Recovery in Mexico (GreenMex): Making High-Value Ecosystems and Rural Livelihoods More Resilient and Sustainable in a Post COVID-19 Scenario 

The GreenMex project will mainstream biodiversity conservation, integrated landscape management and ecosystem connectivity into social policies and programs in Mexico, building on the Sembrando Vida Program (SV), the flagship social program that aims to reduce poverty of agricultural households living in (or adjacent to) areas with forest restoration potential. The project will take an innovative approach to Green Recovery and building back better after Covid-19. The project will integrate biodiversity conservation in social programs to enable behavioral change for more sustainable livelihoods, economic development and healthier diets; foster the sustainability of the investment model to create sustainable value chains; and improve the information sources to enable evidence-based decision-making and upscale similar practices in other landscapes in Mexico and other countries.

Expected impact: The project will result in 3.8 million ha of productive landscapes under improved management, 100 000 ha of terrestrial protected areas under improved management for conservation and sustainable use, and more than 133 000 ha of land restored (degraded agricultural land restored: 58 115 hectares, forest land restored: 75 210 ha).

Focal area: Biodiversity

GEF grant: USD 11 340 000; Co-financing: USD 66 250 000.

Read more in the project identification form.

Nicaragua

Sustainable Integrated Management of Biodiversity in the Indio-Maíz Biological Reserve 

The objective of the project is to conserve globally important biodiversity and enhance ecosystem services in the Indio-Maíz Biological Reserve. 

Expected impact: The project will generate the following global environmental benefits: (i) more than 316 000 ha of terrestrial protected areas under improved management for conservation and sustainable use; (ii) a reduction by 3.3 million tCO2e (greenhouse gas emissions avoided and removed over five years)

Focal area: Biodiversity

GEF grant: USD 3 370 000; Co-financing: USD 20 843 382.

Read more in the project identification form.

Venezuela

Integrated Management of Multiple Use Landscapes and High Conservation Value Forest for Sustainable Development of the Venezuelan Andean Region 

The project will create the conditions to develop a sustainable production of coffee and cocoa, with an emphasis on agroforestry systems, to protect the rich biodiversity in the region while also meeting the ever-increasing demand for agricultural products. The production of coffee and cocoa under an agro-ecological approach in the project will help generate green jobs and income to support the post-Covid-19 Green Recovery. The latter is linked both to the sale of these products and the ones derived from the agro-ecological system. 

Expected impact: The project is expected bring under improved management 537 000 hectares, including 300 000 hectares to benefit biodiversity, restore over 5 000 ha including 1 246 hectares of forests and contribute to climate change mitigating almost 2 million tCO2e of GHG emission. The project will benefit to around 47 000 stakeholders.

Focal area: Multi Focal Area

GEF grant: USD 6 000 000; Co-financing: USD 45 681 355.

Read more in the project identification form.


Europe and Central Asia region (REU)

The GEF Work Program approved in December 2020 programs over USD 10 million for a FAO project in Azerbaijan. 

Approved projects in REU

Approved projects in REU

Country

Project description

Azerbaijan

Towards a Land Degradation-Neutral Azerbaijan 

The project will support the national efforts to improve sustainable land management and rehabilitate degraded lands in the Absheron Peninsula and the resilience of livelihoods.

Expected impact: The project expects to restore 2 700 ha of degraded agricultural land and forests; improve the management of 34 000 ha land through SLM; deliver climate co-benefits by mitigating over 486 000 tCO2e over the project lifetime and directly benefit 23 000 people. In addition, Azerbaijan is one of over 124 countries that have voluntarily committed to set LDN targets under the UNCCD and this project will assist in setting these targets.

Focal area: Land Degradation

̌GEF grant: USD 2 400 000; Co-financing: USD 16 940 000.

Read more in the project identification form.