粮农组织主页 > 性别和土地权利数据库 > 背景


GLRD 是政策制定者和妇女土地权倡导者的信息中心,提供与支持程序相关的论据和信息,而支持程序是为实现性别更为平等的土地保有制度。



什么是 GLRD?

粮农组织于 2010 年推出的性别和土地权利数据库 (GLRD) 是为了凸显全球范围内影响妇女获取土地权的主要政治、法律、文化因素。

83 国国家概况、按性别分类的土地相关统计数据、针对性别平等土地保有权的立法评估工具 (LAT)



• Identify major political, legal and cultural factors that influence gender-equitable land tenure;
• Highlight gender disparities in land tenure;
• Provide gender and land-related statistics;
• Support integration of international standards and best practices into national policy and legal frameworks;
• Support the realization of gender-equitable land tenure.

The GLRD has three main sections

83 regularly-updated country profiles
Access key facts about gender and land rights in constitutions, family law, succession law, land law, customary and religious law as well as policies and programmes. This is particularly useful for those seeking information quickly about a country's political, social, legal and economic status.

Gender and land-related statistics
Most recent land-related statistics disaggregated by gender, including distribution of landholders by sex and the incidence of landowners by sex, among others. Information is quickly accessed by selection of indicators in scroll-down menu and displayed visually thanks to an interactive map. Useful for generating and printing tables and graphs as well.

Legal Assessment Tool
This practical tool helps visualise the legal intricacies surrounding men and women’s access to land in selected countries and helps identify areas where legal reform is needed. Assessment results can be used to inform policy and law-making processes. 

Updating the GLRD

Regular updates

The GLRD Country Profiles are regularly updated to reflect the major legal and policy changes that affect men and women’s tenure rights. Also, the GLRD collaborates with the Statistics Division in FAO as well as other partners including IFPRI to generate more gender-disaggregated land tenure statistics. The LAT assessments are run in accordance with our ongoing work in country and target policy and legal advice within the implementation of the VGGT

The GLRD organises regular online discussions where experts and members of the civil society share information, experiences and concerns about women’s tenure security in selected countries. These contributions are essential to the proper functioning of the database as they help update relevant sections and generate quality information for users. They help collect information from the field and identify key initiatives at country level that promote gender-equitable land tenure. This information is then fed into the relevant sections of the GLRD Country Profiles.