Gender and Land Rights Database

Mongolia

Civil society and indigenous people’s organizations advocating for equality of land rights

- The Human Rights and Development Center

Since its inception it has supported the realisation and protection of economic, social and cultural rights,  support and protection, and participatory poverty reduction and to support community-oriented human rights-based approach to sustainable development and to implement effective community-based development program was established in 2005.  
We are a rights-based community development standards Ger communities, adequate housing, land and livelihood, paying particular attention to spread as a way to increase the capacity to evolve. 

Purpose:

The human rights-based, volunteer-driven, and equal participation of the members of the group with access to the benefits of balanced and based on principles and savings groups (MSE) has been unsuccessful, and ensure the stable operation of the MSE through its multilateral cooperation is to strengthen the development of the local community. 

Objectives:

  • Savings groups (MSE) to establish and enhance the participation of each member of the outcome
  • Strengthen all-round cooperation and introduce ways to expand cooperation
  • MSE creation of a national network and to ensure stability
  • Saving rural areas to create regional manager
  • Local governance and budget to provide infrastructure support for MSE
  • Financial support
  • MSE data and provide technical guidance and support

- The Mongolian Women’s Fund (MONES) was set up to raise funds in order to financially support initiatives for the advancement of Mongolian women and protection of their human rights.

Its focus is mainly on:

  • Eliminating discrimination of women and girls, protection from and prevention of any form of violence
  • Increasing women in leadership and decision making positions
  • Empowering women
  • Strengthening the women’s movement, through network building and collaborations

Local decision-making organizations and women’s representation in them

Women’s representation in decision-making is very limited. The National Programme on Gender Equality, 2002 put forward the objective to develop an enabling environment to achieve gender equality and increase women’s representation and ratio in power and decision-making at all levels. In particular, the programme planned a review of the existing legislation to ensure equal access of women and men to the full range of public appointments in order to fully utilise women’s potential.

The Election Law of 2012 established a 20 percent quota on female representation. As a result, nine women were voted into seats in parliament in the 2012 elections. This marks a sharp increase in women’s representation in Parliament considering that before the 2012 elections, political representation for women was only 3.9 percent (17). Despite this progress, the Millennium Development Goal for gender equality has a benchmark of 30 percent representation for women in government.

More needs to be done to increase women’s representation in local decision-making bodies.

Legal Information and capacity development on land rights

The legal framework for legal aid has so far only focused on criminal proceedings.

- Applicable statutes:

The Law on Court (Article 9) and the Law on Advocacy (Article 21) specify that the state shall provide free legal aid for the indigent. But they only refer to criminal proceedings.

The Law on the Legal Aid for Indigent Defendants, 2013:focuses on legal representation by public defender in criminal procedures for the purpose of protecting the rights and legal interests of the indigent defendants charged with criminal offenses

- The National Legal Aid Programme, 2007: focused on criminal proceedings

- The Legal Aid Centers: they provide free legal assistance in criminal proceedings only

- The Mongolian Women Lawyers’ Association

It was founded in 1992 and now has 36 branches in 21 provinces. 

Its goals and objectives are to promote legal awareness, to provide legal assistance, and to support and enhance the role of women in social development. This association works to build a legal system that guarantees the rights of women. Their Action Programme is built around the following components:

  1. Provision of legal services
  2. Legal awareness
  3. Policy and legal advocacy
  4. Research and preparation of background documents
  5. Institutional strengthening

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography