Gender and Land Rights Database

Japan

Организации, принимающие решения на местном уровне и представительство женщин в них

- The Japan Agricultural Cooperatives (JA) are organizations established under the Agricultural Cooperative Law (32). As of 2008, 764 agricultural cooperatives or JAs were active throughout the country. JA provides guidance on agricultural production, on technologies and farm management to help members operate their farms more efficiently, and promote the development of agriculture in the communities. Members can jointly use machinery and facilities, and purchase production materials (31). JA branches located in urban areas also perform banking related activities such as accepting deposits, extending loans, remitting funds and other financial services. Insurance services are additional services provided by JA (32).

JA has its own women’s association. No discriminatory provisions preventing women’s participation in agricultural cooperatives are contained in the Agricultural Cooperative Law (34). However, female memebership is low and women represent only a small percentage of the board members at agricultural cooperative: women were 1.53 percent of board members in 2005, with a slight increase from 0.58 percent in 2001 (29).

- In 1954, the Central Union of Agricultural Cooperatives – JA-Zenchu - was established to guide and coordinate the country’s agricultural cooperative movement at the national level. JA-Zenchu activities include promoting awarenss of agricultural cooperatives among the general public; holding policy dialogues with the government; and monitoring agricultural and food supply policies at the international level.
The Prefectural Central Union of Agricultural Cooperatives was established to carry out similar tasks at the prefectural or provincial level (32).

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography