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Italy

Discrepancies/gaps between statutory and customary laws

- In spite of legally recognized equality between husband and wife on family farms, the percentage of women who employ their husbands, 37.8 percent, is lower than the percentage of men farmers who employ their wives, 49.8 percent (16).



- Although black labour is illegal, many agricultural undertakings, especially in the south, resort to the caporalato system to get cheaper labour. Many such labourers are immigrants and women from eastern European countries and sub-Saharan African countries (29).
In the informal sector, labour legislation, including its provisions on gender equality, is not applied (11).

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography