Gender and Land Rights Database

Mongolia

National and local institutions enforcing land regulations

Decentralisation of land administration services is effected through the local branches of the Registration Office.

Article 7: Organizational structure of the Registration Office

1. The Registration Office shall have local branches for the registration of immovable property.

2. The Government shall approve the rules of the Registration Office and procedures for the work of the State Registrar.

3. The registration of immovable property shall be carried out by the State Registrar. The State Registrar shall have an Assistant Registrar.

4. The Registration Office may have a division whose functions are to control the cadastral measurement and land valuation.

Registration of immovable property

Article 9: Application for the registration of immovable property

1. Citizens of Mongolia, legal persons and/or their legal representatives shall submit an application for the registration of immovable property (hereinafter referred to as the "Application") to the Registration Office at the place where the immovable property is located.

Settlement of Land-Related Disputes

- Article 63.1: The following [types of] land related disputes shall be settled by the following organizations and officials:

- Article 63.1.1: disputes over the State owned land related to its possession and use between citizens, companies or organizations and governors shall be settled by a governor of the higher level;

- Article 63.1.2: disputes between citizens, companies and organizations regarding land use and possession, as well as disputes between land possessors and users regarding contract terms and conditions of land use shall be settled by the governor of the corresponding level;

- Article 63.1.3: disputes on land characteristics and quality, efficient and rational land use or land protection shall be settled in accordance with legislation by an official in charge of inspection of an appropriate professional organization or the governor of the corresponding level;

- Article 63.1.4: disputes over limited use rights for land possessed or used by others as well as over property disputes related to the land shall be settled by the court.

- Article 63.2: If citizens, companies or organizations disagree with the decision on land disputes made by the authority or the official referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of provision 1 of this article, the dispute shall be settled either by the authority or the official of a higher level, or the court.

- Article 63.3: If not dealt with in contracts, disputes related to land use by companies with foreign investment shall be settled in accordance with procedures set forth in this article. 

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography