Gender and Land Rights Database


Other factors influencing gender differentiated land rights


- Most women are not aware of the existence of the Intestate Succession Law and of the guarantees it provides to them. Even when women are aware about its contents, they often lack support in the process for claiming their rights (21).

The expansion of commercial agriculture has driven women out of crop production forcing them into petty trade in order to provide food for their family. Furthermore, women are more likely to be allocated less fertile stool land, where they can only cultivate food crops and not cash crops (21).

Women seldom participate in lineage, clan or stool meetings where men take most decisions on land issues. If women do participate, they are generally listeners or resource persons (14).

Women’s access to bank loans through formal channels is more limited than that of men. Weak access to land limits their ability to provide collateral and makes it difficult to obtain credit. The majority of female farmers derive their capital from informal sources, including loans from husbands or relatives, money lenders or informal financial operators (16). Furthermore, rural women face a physical difficulty in accessing credit because financial institutions are situated in urban areas and transaction costs are too high (21).

Rural women have less access than men to training and technical information, due to the fact that extension services usually target men as heads of the household (8).

Traditional biases limit women’s access to education and decision-making roles in the family and public life. Women’s limited participation in politics and public service does not allow their full integration into national decision-making (8).

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography