Gender and Land Rights Database


Other factors influencing gender differentiated land rights

- It is estimated that the number of female-headed households increased from 10 per cent in 1998 to 15 per cent in 2008. These households are generally more vulnerable to poverty. Due to the unpaid care work that they often do, female head of households are prevented from undertaking employment and this is particularly notable in rural and remote areas where access to child care is not always available (12).

- Environmental degradation is increasing pressure on land

- Lack of sex-disaggregated data and information on the de facto position of rural women.

- Unemployment and poverty: the persistence of direct and indirect discriminatory practices against women in public and private employment with respect to recruitment, equal pay for work of equal value and maternity protection, as well as sexual harassment. The CEDAW Committee urged Mongolia to ensure that all employment-generation programmes are gender sensitive and that women fully benefit from all planned programmes to support entrepreneurship, including through vocational training, favourable credit conditions and income-generation opportunities. The Committee also called upon Mongolia to enact legislation prohibiting sexual harassment. (7)

The high incidence of poverty among women and especially among rural women and households headed by women is an issue of concern, particularly in a country undergoing rapid economic growth. 

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography