Gender and Land Rights Database

Sri Lanka

Instituições de administração da terra e quotas de participação da mulher nelas.

- The Land Commissioner General’s Department controls and administers lands belonging to the State. The department also issues these lands to various individuals and institutions for various purposes.

The Land Commissioner General’s Department’s comprises: the Land Division; the Development Division; the Legal Division; the Administrative Division and the Accounting and Finance Division.

The Land Division has the following tasks:

  • issue and transferring of Long Term Lease to various parties for the purpose of Residence/Commerce/Agriculture; 
  • issue of state land for public purpose; 
  • release of lands to State Departments; 
  • issue of vesting orders of lands to local government administration;  assignment of lands on long term leases or grants for special economical development projects.

The Development Division attends all matters regarding lands in the Inter Provincial Irrigation and Land Development Schemes.

The Legal Division provides legal advice and takes relevant action regarding the execution of rules in the administration of the department (24).

The Provincial Land Commissioner administers lands within the area of authority of the Provincial Councils.

The Deputy Land Commissioners, who are regional officers, administer the lands within the Inter-Provincial Irrigation Schemes, under the Land Commissioner General (24).

- The Government Agent (GA) or a District Secretary is the administrative head of public services in the district, appointed by the central government to govern a certain district of the country.
The GA is the custodian of state land in the 25 districts of the country. The GA also maintains a variety of registers including the plans prepared by the Survey Department in respect of state lands. Records pertaining to the Registration of Deeds are maintained in the Land Registries under the Registrar General (25).

- The country has a deeds registration system, which records transactions and serves as evidence of rights, but does not provide guarantee of rights (25). As of 2007, three Land Titles Registry offices had been established to function under the Registrar General’s Department (19).

- Private Licensed Surveyors handle cadastral surveys for private lands, except for the areas declared under the 1998 Registration of Title Act. According to the act, the Surveyor General is responsible for the preparation and maintenance of all cadastral maps (25).

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography