Gender and Land Rights Database

Sri Lanka

Outros fatores sociais, econômicos e políticos que influem nos direitos à terra diferenciada por gênero

- Due to the fact that training and extension services do not specifically address women and projects usually target the head of the household, women participate in few programmes. When projects identify women as beneficiaries, they generally target widows and women heads of household, leaving out the overwhelming majority of rural women (21).

- Agriculture extension services lack a gender focus and are not regular; therefore, spread of agricultural information to women farmers is limited. Furthermore, government officials and project personnel, mostly men, are not gender sensitive (21).

- The lack of information prevents rural women from accessing credit for the development of their activities (17). Furthermore, male heads of household tend to benefit from resources allocation and asset distribution in the case of land and financial assistance (17).

- The credit restrictions of the New Comprehensive Scheme of Rural Credit, which require that lenders be owners of the land, make it nearly impossible for women to receive loans for productive purposes. Consequently, women obtain agricultural inputs from informal sources that they repay in kind post harvest, eroding much of the profits (21).

- The poor condition of access roads and minimal transport facilities also affect rural women’s access to information and resources (21).

- The members of most Community Based Organisations (CBOs) are men. Women’s membership is limited in farmers’ organizations or other agro-economic based organizations. Furthermore, women members rarely hold positions of authority (21).

- Women rarely have the resources to enforce their land rights before a court. Morevover, disputes over land often take years to resolve in the courts, partly due to the fact that the system of deeds registration provides for evidence but not security of rights (19).

- In areas affected by the conflict, women are more vulnerable due to the lack of documentation, inability to prove ownership, inability to dispose of land in the absence of their husband’s death certificate and the non-recognition by officials of women’s altered status (21).

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography