Gender and Land Rights Database

Liberia

Policies/Institutional mechanisms enforcing or preventing women’s land rights

 

The Gender and Development Act of 2001

It establishes the Ministry of Gender and Development and defines its institutional mandate which revolves around for promotion of gender equality, women’s advancement and children’s welfare in Liberia.

In particular the Ministry is responsible for (inter alia):

- Advising the Government on all matters affecting the development and welfare of women and children;

- Coordinating the Government’s gender mainstreaming efforts to ensure that both women and men’s perspectives are central to policy formulation, legislation, resource allocation, planning and outcomes of policies and programs, focusing on gender equality, empowerment of women and development of children;

- Monitoring and reporting back the impact of national policies and programs on women and children as well as recommend appropriate measures to be taken in mobilizing and integrating women as equal partners with men in the economic, social, political, and cultural development of the country.

- Ensuring national compliance with the reporting requirements of all international conventions on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women and children;

 

Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Protection

Between 2008 and 2011 Denmark funded a Joint Program on Food Security and Nutrition (FAO, UNDP, UNICEF, UNIFEM, UNMIL, UNOPS, WB, WFP, WHO) - with the following objectives:

1)      Enhancing food availability

2)      Improving access to food

3)      Promoting better food utilisation and improving nutritional status

 

Liberia National Gender Policy Ministry of Gender and Development (2010 – 2015) of 2009

The purpose of the NGP was to demonstration the Government’s political will eliminate all forms of gender based discrimination in order to achieve gender equality. It serves as a framework to mainstream gender and empower women and vulnerable groups in the national development processes.

 

Land Rights Policy, 2013

The purpose of the Land Rights Policy was to clarify the status of customary lands through formalisation. It contains a number of important policy recommendations:

- 6.3.1. Community ownership of Customary Land will be formalized by the issuance of a deed to a legal entity, bearing the name of the community. The name of the community will be decided by a process that is fully representative and accountable to all community members, including women, youth, and minorities. The community, as a legal entity, will have legal personality and may therefore enter into contracts, own land, and participate in court actions or proceedings before alternative dispute resolution bodies. The deed will provide for private ownership by the community, so long as any decisions regarding management, use, and transfer are fully representative and accountable to all community members, including women, youth, and minorities. Any decision or action that contravenes this rule is prohibited.

- 6.3.2. Ownership of Customary Land includes ownership of natural resources on the land, such as forests, including carbon credits, and water. In accordance with the Constitution, the Government has exclusive ownership rights over “any mineral resources on or beneath any land or [. . .] any lands under the seas and waterways.” The Government will have authority to regulate natural resource use and access, consistent with customary ownership rights and legal due process.

- 6.3.3 The Customary Land rights of groups, families, and individuals within the community will be decided by the community in a way that is fully representative and accountable to all community members, including women, youth, and minorities.

- While it draws attention to the need of women it does not contain any concrete measure to guarantee that they do not lose out in the process.

 

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography