FAO.org

Inicio > Base de Datos Género y Derecho a la Tierra > Perfiles de País > Lista de países > Organizaciones de la sociedad civil
Base de Datos Género y Derecho a la Tierra

Nigeria

Organizaciones de la Sociedad Civil y de los pueblos indígenas, que promueven la igualdad de derechos sobre la tierra

  • The Nigerian chapter of the International Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA) was founded in 1964. FIDA is an NGO and a women’s rights advocacy group originally formed in 1944 by a group of seven women lawyers from Cuba, El Salvador, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and the United States of America.
  • The objectives of FIDA-Nigeria are to: promote the welfare of women and children; highlight the harmful effects of particular laws and practices with a view towards eradicating them. FIDA provides free legal services to women and children; operates a massive legal education outreach program to communities, organizations and schools; produces publications to promote legal literacy; and organizes seminars, workshops and conferences. http://www.fidanigeria.org/aboutus.html 
  • BAOBAB For Women’s Human Rights is a not for profit, non-governmental women’s human rights organization, which focuses on women’s legal rights issues under the three systems of law − customary, statutory and religious laws in Nigeria. BAOBAB’s stated mission is “to promote women’s human rights principally via improving knowledge, exercise and development of rights under religious laws, customary laws and statutory laws.” (http://www.baobabwomen.org/index.htm)
  • Women’s Rights Advancement and Protection Alternative (WRAPA), is a non-governmental, non-profit organization founded in 1999. Activities of the organization include legal aid and counselling services for women, mobilization and sensitization, skills training and advocacy for legal reforms. The organization is working on codifying Muslim Family Laws in order to give married women enhanced access to justice, protection of their equal rights in marriage, divorce and ownership of property. The codification will probably facilitate uniform decisions within the judiciary and will enhance the judiciary’s ability to interpret and enforce legislation in a gender-equitable way because the proposed code accommodates both international equality norms and progressive interpretations of Sharia used in other Muslim countries (4). http://www.wrapaifl.org/
  • Women for Women International is and NGO which addresses the needs of women in conflict and post-conflict environments. In Nigeria Women for Women International supports women who are victims of states laws that allow husbands to use physical force against their wives; women who have endured genital cutting; women are often forced to marry very young; women who are being trafficked; thousands of widows who, due to unfair laws cannot inherit their husband’s property, and are forced with their children in extreme poverty. women can access future employment opportunities. (http://www.womenforwomen.org/global-initiatives-helping-women/help-women-nigeria.php)

Organizaciones locales con decisiones sobre la tierra y representación de la mujer

  • In the southeastern zone of the country, there has been a noticeable improvement in women’s involvement in decision-making at different levels of governance. Women for the first time are being appointed to “traditional rulers councils”, such as the Igwe’s cabinet in the eastern part and some traditional councils in the northern parts of the country (5).

Información legal y desarrollo de capacidades en el derecho a la tierra

  • The federal government has taken measures to ensure equality and equity in the rural areas and enhance the development and sustenance of rural resources:
    - Women Development Centres have been established in all local government areas for training in skills acquisition, mass literacy and adult education programmes;
    - Economic empowerment programmes, including numeracy and literacy skills acquisition, have been established.
    - The Female Functional Literacy for Health and Poverty Alleviation Project (FFLH) was established for literacy and health education of rural women and to provide income-generation activities in 14 communities in 10 states of the federation.
    - The introduction of Universal Basic Education (UBE) targets rural communities as the beneficiaries. The construction and renovation of primary and secondary schools in these areas are part of the infrastructural developments for the rural communities.
    - The federal and state Ministries of Agriculture have also provided extension services to the rural communities to improve their agricultural yields and increase their technical proficiency.
    - Through sensitization programmes, rural dwellers are encouraged to form self-help groups and cooperative societies to enable them to access credit facilities and loans that have promoted an increase in economic opportunities and a measure of self-sustenance (11).
    - The National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP) provides training on skills acquisition for men and women (11).
    - The Lagos state government has a committee on women’s affairs in the State House of Assembly, and the Ekiti and Rivers States have established the Office of the Public Defender (OPD) and the Directorate for Citizens Rights respectively, under the states’ Ministries of Justice. The OPD offers free legal services to those living in poverty and underprivileged women whose rights are threatened or have been infringed (5).
    - BAOBAB for Women’s Human Rights organizes the following training activities: i. paralegal training; ii. interdisciplinary teaching; iii. popular education and training; iv. capacity building for other women’s groups and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) through training, skills building etc.; v. participating in academic discussions and serving as a research centre for women’s rights in law; and vi. furthering the appreciation and observance of women’s rights through activities such as sponsoring training and education programmes. (http://www.baobabwomen.org/index.htm)
    - Women for Women International is an NGO which holds the Renewing Women’s Life Skills Programme that provides women with rights awareness, leadership education and vocational and technical skills training. Women build upon existing skills and learn new ones. To help women transform their new skills into financial independence and sustainability, the organization offers job skills training to strengthen women’s existing skills and to introduce new skills in traditional and non-traditional fields.
  • Over 3 000 women from 21 communities have benefited from the training programmes. Men and male community leaders also are trained and informed about women’s rights so that they can become advocates for women within their communities (http://www.womenforwomen.org/global-initiatives-helping-women/help-women-nigeria.php).
  • In Enugu and Jos from 2002–2005, Women for Women International implemented economic, leadership and skills training or empowerment programmes and activities for over 7 000 rural women. The women were trained on rebuilding society, basic business and marketing skills, women and family law, creating jobs, dealing with domestic violence and preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS (5).

Fuentes: los números entre paréntesis (*) se refieren a las fuentes que están en la sección de Bibliografía