Base de Datos Género y Derecho a la Tierra

Azerbaijan

Organizaciones locales con decisiones sobre la tierra y representación de la mujer

- There are 2 757 municipalities in the country which range from small rural villages to large city districts. They are technically independent of the excoms which are local state administration offices directly subordinate or accountable to the central government. Depending on the size of the population in a given municipality, the municipal councils consist of from 5 to 19 council members who are elected for five-year terms. According to the Constitution, local government is exercised through local bodies of state administration and through municipal governments.

Local bodies of state administration are regulated by the Constitutional Provision on Local Executive Authority and municipal governments are regulated by relevant laws. Legislation in both of these areas continues to be developed. Although the Constitution and other secondary laws define municipalities as bodies for local self-government, the municipal councils lack a complete legal framework and proper funding and are subordinate to the excoms (22).

- The first trade unions were founded in 1905 and women became members on equal terms with men. The organization with the largest membership at the present time is the Azerbaijan Confederation of Trade Unions, the umbrella organization for the various unions, which has 1 341 083 members, 43 percent of whom are women. The Confederation of Trade Unions has developed and approved regulations on trade union committees for women’s issues and gender equality. These committees have begun to be established in trade union organizations at every level (13).

Fuentes: los números entre paréntesis (*) se refieren a las fuentes que están en la sección de Bibliografía