База данных по гендерной проблематике и правам на землю


Традиционные органы власти и общепринятые учреждения

Reconciliation or Arbitration Councils:
In the Edfu District in Aswan Governorate, the Councils solve disputes over land, water, inheritance or low-level outbreaks of violence. They are known as majlis al-sulh or majlis-tahkîm – reconciliation or arbitration councils. They are arranged by the older men of the villages and towns, and are in principle organised independently from the official legal system.

- These councils consist of a varying number of men, the total often reflecting the seriousness of the dispute. The council members must be accepted by both the disputing parties, and ideally the appointment also reflects the logic of tribal segmentation found in this area, where tribal organization is dominant. In short, the council members are often chosen from tribal sections other than the one to which the disputants belong, and in the case where the disputants are themselves tribal sections, or at least referred to as such, those intervening and arranging the councils are from other tribal sections or other tribes. A group of men who have more or less specialised in working as arbitrators are most often involved. It consists of elders who have a reputation for their ability to settle disputes and arrange councils, and for their knowledge of the tradition, which is seen as the foundation for the solutions (27).

- In many areas of Upper Egypt, the Community Development Organisations (CDAs) are widespread. They may have several sub-committees that focus on specific issues and also have a standing reconciliation committee – a lajnah musalaha. For example, the village of al-Daqadiq in Edfu district has a reconciliation committee consisting of five members. In principle, the members are selected so as to represent the different tribes and tribal sections found in the village (27).

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