قاعدة بيانات الجنسين والحقوق في الأراضي التابعة لمنظمة الأغذية والزراعة

Ghana

Policies/Institutional mechanisms enforcing or preventing women’s land rights

 

The National Council on Women and Development (NCWD), established in 1975 as the national machinery for women, became a full ministry in 2001 by the name of Ministry of Women and Children’s Affairs (8). The Ministry is in charge of monitoring gender issues and ensuring equal status for women. The Ministry formulates gender specific development policies, guidelines, advocacy tools and strategies; it also prepares national development plans and programmes for women and ensures their effective implementation (20).

The  Commission on Human Rights And Administrative Justice (CHRAJ) was established under the 1992 Constitution to monitor and deal with all human rights violations as well as educating the public on human rights. The Commission is also mandated to ensure that women’s human rights are not infringed upon. CHRAJ has decentralized its operations and has offices in all the ten administrative regions of the country and in some districts (8).

Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper I (GPRS I, 2003-2005)
 - Identifies insecurity of tenure as endemic.
 - Recognises that any land reform should be accompanied by close monitoring to detect adverse effects on the poor and women.

Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper II (GPRS II, 2006-2009)
 - Aimes to address the challenges identified by GPRD I.
 - Proposes to ensure women's access to and control over land.
 - GPRS II reviewed the Land Administration Project (LAP) in order to recognise the importance of property rights to small farmers who are mostly women (30).

The 1999 National Land Policy (NLP), amended in 2002, was released by the Ministry of Lands and Forestry in June to improve the management of land in the country. The NLP seeks to reinforce the primary objectives of the Land Title Registration Law by increasing the security of land tenure by means of land registration. The policy has identified certain groups’, including women, lack of security of tenure; however, the specific impact of land administration and land tenure on women was not mentioned (14).

The Land Administration Project (LAP) was launched in 1999, under the NLP, to improve the land administration system by establishing an administrative structure that ensures women, landless and vulnerable population with tenure security. The Project involves all the Land Sector Agencies and the Town and Country Planning Department. The first phase commenced in October 2003, while the overall implementation is designed to span over 15 years (21).

With regards to tenure security for women, the LAP Unit has undertaken a number of initiatives focused on training and awareness creation among the staff of the Land Sector Agencies (LSA) and the Traditional Authorities of the Project’s pilot Customary Land Secretariats. Furthermore, the Institute of Local Government Studies (ILGS) has designed a gender strategy for the land sector to enable development interventions that mainstream as well as address gender related problems at the traditional and the LSA level (22).

 

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