Base de Datos Género y Derecho a la Tierra


Medidas políticas/mecanismos institucionales que refuerzan o limitan el derecho de la mujer a la tierra

- The State Committee on Women’s Issues (SCWI) was established in 1999 by the government to protect women’s rights and to enact measures to empower them. The National Plan of Action (NPA) on Women’s Policy, which was drafted by this Committee and approved by the Cabinet of Ministries in March 2000, sets out priorities for achieving gender equality (9).
The SCWI was transformed into the Committee on Family, Women and Children by Presidential Decree in February 2006 (9).

- The Committee prepares annual reports on the status of women and their socio-economic and other problems (13).
- The March 2000, Presidential Decree “On Implementation of State Policy for Women” envisages guarantee for equal representation of women in all government structures together with men and examines the legislation from the point of view of gender issues.
Gender Focal Points were appointed in all central government ministries and committees and at the regional government level to improve gender mainstreaming at the policy and programme levels (16).
The Focal Points also participate in working groups established by the SCWI to discuss documents to be adopted at the national, interministerial level (10).

- The Law “On Provision of gender equality” was approved by the Parliament in March 2006 with the purpose of  providing gender equality in all spheres (17). The Law aims to ensure that men and women have equal rights in all spheres of society and to eliminate all discriminatory practices based on sex (17).

- The State of the Agricultural Sector and Principal Ways of Its Development 2002–2015 is a policy document, which outlines the key problems in the sector and the government’s policy and strategies; however, it does not address gender issues, even though many of the sectors described in the policy, including farm development, crop production, animal husbandry and food processing, clearly employ significant numbers of women. Nor does the policy consider women’s central role within the family as a food producer and provider. Gender issues are neglected at the policy level and, as a result, women's contribution to agriculture is underestimated and their specific needs are ignored in development planning and implementation (10).

- The 2001−2009 Rural Development Programme for Mountain and Highland Areas is the on-going International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) programme that addresses the needs of communities of diverse ethnic groups living in districts with different types of mountainous terrain, livestock management and crop production systems and climatic variations. Farmers in these remote areas face difficulties, including a lack of pasture for grazing livestock and plots that are, on average, small and located often on steeply sloping or degraded land. The project seeks to assist women by providing in-kind credit, such as pregnant heifers, for a period of three years.
Results from the project showed increases in income levels among the target group. As of 2005, this was the principal project focusing on rural women farmers in Azerbaijan (10).

Fuentes: los números entre paréntesis (*) se refieren a las fuentes que están en la sección de Bibliografía