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粮农组织主页 > 性别和土地权利数据库 > 国家概况 > 国家清单 > 国家法律框架 > 保证或阻碍妇女土地权利的政策措施及法律规定
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Pakistan

保证或阻碍妇女土地权利的政策措施及法律规定

- The National Commission on the Status of Women (NCSW) was established in 2000 to monitor and advise the Government on the impact of all policies and laws affecting the status and rights of women and suggest repeal or amendments or new legislation essential to eliminate discrimination.

The Commission has reviewed a number of laws and suggested amendments, including: the 1951 Pakistan Citizenship Act, amended to give children of Pakistani women married to foreigners, the right to nationality; and the 1979 Hudood Ordinance laws, which made a rape victim liable to prosecution for adultery if she could not produce four male witnesses to the assault, repealed in 2006 by the Women’s Protection Bill (8).
Furthermore, NCSW has undertaken research on the issue of inheritance and advocates for policy and legal reforms to secure women’s existing rights (14).

- The 2002 National Policy for Women’s Development and Empowerment acknowledges women’s disadvantaged position in society and aims at empowering women irrespective of caste, creed or religion. The primary objectives of the Policy are to remove inequalities, protect women’s human rights and eliminate negative customary practices (14).

- The Ministry for Women Development is the executing agency for the National Policy for Women’s Development and Empowerment.
The Ministry has undertaken a major reform programme in all provinces through the Gender Reform and Action Plan (GRAP). However, the Ministry has not endorsed directly women’s land rights or access to resources and is hampered by inadequate manpower and capacity (14).

The GRAP, implemented in Punjab from 2008 for 48 months, aims at mainstreaming gender in the provincial departments. Its objectives are:
i. to ensure that all the public sector operations in the provinces promote gender equity and reduce gender inequality;
ii. to seek transformation of the provincial government into an organization that practices and promotes gender equality;
iii. to ensure that all the provincial civil servants understand gender issues;
iv. to make adequate representation of women as decision makers in the provincial government (17).

- The Rural Support Programmes (RSPs) provide financial and technical services to the vulnerable communities, including rural women, for enhancing their income generating capacities.

The National Rural Support Programme (NRSP), established in 1991, is the largest RSP and works with more than half a million vulnerable households organized into a network of more than 29 000 Community Organizations (19).


料来源: 括号 * 中的数目是指源示在参考目。