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粮农组织主页 > 性别和土地权利数据库 > 立法评估工具
性别和土地权利数据库

立法评估工具按 30 个法律指标分析了各个国家法律框架,以期为参与国家提供及时、有针对性、有效的政策建议,实现土地保有权上的性别平等。

通过性别平等土地保有权立法评估工具 (LAT) 推动变革。

立法评估工具是实用工具,有助于以图表方式呈现所选国家中围绕男女土地权的复杂法律问题,并且明确需要进行法律改革的方面。评估结果可为政策和法律的制定提供信息。 

立法评估工具提供了针对性别平等土地保有权的下拉式法律指标列表。这些指标注重于消除宪法、继承权、国籍、财产权和获取司法正义权等方面的性别歧视。

选择时,相关指标将反映出其纳入国家法律框架的进展阶段。阶段值为 0-4。评估结果将直观显示,以不同颜色标注在为此目的特别设计的交互地图上。目前可得的立法评估工具评估结果也可以 pdf 格式从本页完整下载。


How does it work?

The LAT offers a scroll-down list of legal indicators for gender-equitable land tenure. They focus on the elimination of gender-based discrimination in the constitution, in inheritance, nationality, property rights and access to justice among others. 

When selected, the indicator will reflect to what extent a country has incorporated the indicator into its national legal framework. The results are shown visually and in different colour ranges on an interactive map specially designed for this purpose on a scale from 0 to 4. Also, the LAT assessments currently available can be downloaded in full directly from this page.

Search LAT indicator

Background information

How are the LAT assessments carried out?
- They cover three sources of law: constitutions, statutes and regulations;
- They rely primarily on the information contained in the various sections of the country profiles;
- They are reliable and accurate: the stages are identified using the actual text of the legislation, referencing all relevant legal provisions. 

Promoting an integrated system of land tenure
The LAT promotes the incorporation of informal normative systems into the general legal system. Customary and religious sources of law are only covered insofar as they are incorporated into the general legal system.

A de jure analysis of the legislation pertaining to gender and land
It is outside the scope of the LAT to engage in a de facto analysis of gender equity in land tenure.

Breaking down the different stages in policy and law-making processes
Because legal reform should take place inside a policy framework, the LAT analyses the policy environment and the legal framework simultaneously. Each stage is assigned a score:

Rationale

Stage

Absence of the indicator in the legal framework

0

A policy is being developed

1

A policy is in place

1.5

A draft legislation is to be submitted for deliberations

2

The indicator appears in primary law

3

The indicator appears in multiple legal instruments

4

Not applicable

N/A