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Land titling in Peru: online community discusses future of women’s tenure

©FAO/R. Grisolia

Peru’s Special Land Titling and Cadastre Project (PETT) has been helping women gain access to agricultural land since its launch in 1992, but an online discussion organised by The Gender and Land Rights Database (GRLD) revealed that the titling and registration process in Peru must be concluded urgently to pursue equality.

Now in its third phase - PETT III - is expected to tackle the finalisation of the titling and registration phases though an IDB-funded land and titling programme called "Proyecto Especial de Registro y Titulación de Tierra (PETT) III". The project is still pending approval but implementation could begin in 2014.

PETT III is expected to build upon and strengthen the good practices learnt from PETT II, which saw 1.5 million plots titled in less than a decade.

Notwithstanding the positive step forward, the project document lacks a proper gender approach to implementation as it fails to mainstream gender issues.

Background on PETT

Over the years, the number of female-headed households has increased in Peru as a result of migration and urbanisation and a growing trend towards feminisation of agriculture.

However, until the introduction of the PETT Programme, women’s ownership of land was hindered by patriarchal values that tended to exclude women as registration was normally carried out in the name of the household head (usually a man) and of those who could demonstrate possession and economic exploitation of land.

As earlier phases of the Programme lacked a gender policy or legal provisions that supported gender equality, PETT was recently merged with the Commission on Formalisation of Informal Property (COFOPRI) and placed under the responsibility of the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation in an effort to recognize dual-headship of households in a more systematic way.

However, it appears that most Peruvians to this day fail to take advantage of the legal recognition of the title deed to access benefit from formal loans and the title itself does not grant them access to longer-term credit, particularly among women living in rural areas for whom having a title in their name has been beneficial to access credit.

For more about this topic, please visit:

- the online discussion in the Land Portal

- the online discussion summary in the GLRD

- Peru's country profile