Gender and Land Rights Database

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  • Rights entrenched in the Constitution
  • Women's property and use rights in personal laws
  • Inheritance legal mechanisms
  • Land Legislation
  • Policies/Institutional mechanisms enforcing or preventing women’s land rights
  • CEDAW: Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (adopted on 18 December 1979). Relevant articles: 2, 4, 14 and 16.
  • CEDAW-OP: Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (adopted on 6 October 1999).
  • ICESCR: International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (adopted on 16 December 1966). Relevant articles: 2(2), 3 and 11(1).
  • ICCPR: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (adopted on 16 December 1966). Relevant articles: 2(1), 3, 14, 16 and 23(4).
  • Other international regulations
  • Customary norms, religious beliefs and social practices that influence gender-differentiated land rights
  • Traditional authorities and customary institutions
  • Inheritance/succession de facto practices
  • Discrepancies/gaps between statutory and customary laws
  • Prevailing systems of land tenure
  • National and local institutions enforcing land regulations
  • Land administration institutions and women quotas
  • Funding provisions to guarantee women’s land transactions
  • Other factors influencing gender differentiated land rights
  • Civil society and indigenous people’s organizations advocating for equality of land rights
  • Local decision-making organizations and women’s representation in them
  • Legal Information and capacity development on land rights
  • Total number of holders
  • Women holders
  • Number of holdings under co-ownership
  • Communal Property
  • Number of rural households headed by women
  • GINI Concentration index

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FAO's Gender and Food Security website


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Governance of tenure: Technical Guide on Governing land for women and men




Land Portal


International Land Coalition



Gender and Land Rights Database

Gender, Equity and Rural Employment Division  (ESW)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations