FAO.org

Home > General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) > Background > GFCM legal framework
General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM)

GFCM legal framework

The Agreement for the establishment of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), under the provisions of Article XIV of the FAO Constitution, was approved at the fifth session of the FAO Conference in 1949. It entered into force on 20 February 1952.

Amendments to this Agreement were approved in 1963, 1976 and 1997 and related to the change in name of GFCM, previously "General Fisheries Council for the Mediterranean", as well as to new obligations for the Contracting Parties, including their contribution to an autonomous budget for the functioning of the Commission. These new obligations came into force on 29 April 2004.

In 2011, the GFCM launched a process aimed at modernizing its legal and institutional framework, including a fourth amendment to its Constitutive Agreement, and established a task force for this purpose. This process had the objective to enhanced subregional cooperation, efficient mechanisms to ensure compliance with binding recommendations adopted by the GFCM and the long-term sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture as well as their ecosystems in the Mediterranean and the Black Seal. The fourth amendment to the GFCM Constitutive Agreement was endorsed at the thirty-eighth session of the Commission (May 2014), acting on the recommendations made at its third extraordinary session (April 2014). The modernisation process was concluded in 2015 with the amendment of the GFCM Rules of Procedures and the Financial Regulations for align the texts to the amended GFCM Agreement and to the Rules of the Organization.

  • The Agreement (Ar | En | Es | Fr)
  • Rules of Procedures (En | Fr)
  • Financial Regulations (En | Fr)
  • The Status of acceptance of the GFCM agreement (En | Fr)