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General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM)

Role of the GFCM

In order to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of living marine resources – at the biological, social, economic and environmental level – as well as sustainable aquaculture development in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, the GFCM:

  • regularly reviews and assesses the state of living marine resources;
  • formulates and recommends appropriate measures in order to:
    - ensure the conservation and management of living marine resources in its area of application;
    - minimize the impacts of fishing activities on living marine resources and their ecosystems;
    - adopt multiannual management plans based on an ecosystem approach to fisheries;
    - establish fisheries restricted areas for the protection of vulnerable marine ecosystems;
    - ensure the collection, submission, verification, storing and dissemination of relevant data and information;
    - take action to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, including mechanisms for effective monitoring, control and surveillance, and
    - resolve situations of non-compliance with its decisions;
  • promotes sustainable aquaculture development;
  • regularly reviews the socioeconomic aspects of the fishing industry;
  • promotes the development of institutional capacity and human resources, particularly through education, training and vocational activities;
  • enhances communication and consultation with civil society concerned with aquaculture and fishing, and
  • encourages, recommends, coordinates and undertakes research and development activities, including cooperative projects.