Estahbanat Rainfed Fig System, Iran
- Detailed Information
Many different species of figs are grown in Iran. Province of Fars, is one of the major figs producers and about 75 percent of the total land area are under fig cultivation. The Estahban produces 6.5 percent of the world figs production. Fig production in the Fars area are located mostly in steep slopes since time immemorial has kept the system alive and a sustainable heritage for the past and future generation.
The important areas of figs production in Estahban Township are Estahban plains, Khaneh Kat, Roniz and Eage. Other areas are located in between Sahlabad and Geshm Ghavi, at the foot slopes and in the land areas where there are possibility of rain water harvesting and retaining soil moisture. Estahban figs are rainfed crops and their growth depend totally on rainfall. Therefore, water harvesting is a traditional practice for irrigating plants. Application of traditional knowledge on figs management particularly regarding plantation, irrigation, rehabilitation and harvesting is used for Estahbanat rainfed fig system. Although the traditional agricultural practices had undergone many changes, but still the fig orchard establishment, irrigation and maintenance of fig orchards are carried out through traditional systems.