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Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

Malaga Raisin Production System in La Axarquía

Summary

The raisins production in Axarquía has gone through centuries and different civilisations until today changing a few of its characteristics. Indeed, the cultivation of Muscatel grapes in the mountainous areas of Málaga is very important in the agricultural economy of the area as it is developed in areas of steep slopes without any other agricultural alternative.

Traditional, manual and craft technologies are used in the cultivation, harvesting, grape drying process and removal of the grapes from the bunch. This represents a traditional way of life that identifies the area with the culture associated to raisins production.

Maintaining this grape-growing system and its sun-drying transformation process is essential in order to maintain the landscape, as it prevents erosion and desertification processes and it is an example of how the people of the area relate with their territories and their cultural traditions. Raisins are a structuring element of the territory. After years in decline, nowadays, the interest for the agricultural system has revived and the local people are more interested to maintain, develop and restore the socio-cultural richness generated throughout history that has also allowed to build the spirit of the region.