نظم التراث الزراعي ذات الأهمية العالمية

Agroforestry chakra system of the communities of native peoples in Napo province

Summary

Detailed Information

Partners

Annexes

Summary

The so-called Amazon chakra refers to a diversity of agroforestry systems developed by the Amazonian Quichua or Naporuna communities, which although they share a cultural matrix with the Quichua nationality in the Altonadina zone, present many particularities in their adaptation to the Amazon ecosystem.

In a concrete way, the chakra contributes to the conservation and management of the soils and the agrobiodiversity, applying an agro-ecological system that imitates the composition, structure and functions of the surrounding ecosystem. At the same time, it takes advantage of the fertility spaced by the branches of the fluvial systems and their flooding systems. Up to 150 species have been identified per chakra, with diverse uses: food, medicine, ritual, housing and sale.

The chakra is the source of food and medicine for Kichwa families, as well as a source of livelihood and income. In recent times the link between the products of the chakra and the market has increased, with cocoa being the main product promoted, followed by organic coffee, guava, vanilla and others.

The chakra is the place of breeding and the scene of the creative capacities of the Runa, estimated around 1200 Quichua families that still maintain and seek the conservation of this system. The role of the woman embodied in the chakramamas is fundamental for the development and transmission of the knowledge and principles of the chakra.