Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

Estahbanat Rainfed Fig Orchards Heritage System


Detailed Information




Iran is one of the most important figs producers in the world, while the city of Estahbanat, counting 2.200.000 thousand fig trees in 22.613 hectares, is the most important centre for figs production. Gardeners in the region have valuable experiences in the process of planting, harvesting and preserving the rain-fed figs. The figs crops are here maintained in the traditional way and the irrigation system is a unique way of water and soil management for figs cultivation. This is based on a method that makes easier the water flow through figs crops during rainfall, minimizing at the same time the possibility of erosion and flooding.

Figs are not the only products of this system. In fact, Estahbanat gardeners also cultivate other horticultural varieties such as grapes, almonds, olives, pomegranates, walnuts, apricots, apples and saffron. Thanks to the climatic conditions, soil features and the water management system developed in Estahbanat there are vegetation fields that grow along figs crops and they are mostly cultivated with carrot plants. This unique way of territory management is the result of the coexistence and adaptation between man and nature.