Reference Date: 11-February-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Generally favourable rains received in the main maize producing areas during the 2013/14 cropping season (October/June)
However, drier conditions observed in southern areas, with negative implications for crop productivity and pastures
Inflation rates in 2013 stable, but introduction of a new customs tariff expected to exert upward pressure on imported food prices
Good rains received in the main maize producing central provinces during 2013/14 cropping season
Harvesting of the 2014 crop is expected to commence in March in central regions. Generally favourable rains were received since the start of the cropping season in October in central and northern areas, with overall favourable production prospects for the maize crop. However, relatively limited rains were recorded in some coastal and southern parts, which constitute the sorghum and millet producing zones. These areas also experienced significant water deficits in the previous season, and a continuation of poor rains this season is expected to negatively impact on pastures and crop productivity. Furthermore, consecutive poor annual harvests in 2012 and 2013 in southern provinces resulted in a depletion of assets, and combined with relatively limited availability of inputs, this is expected to further negatively impact on the 2014 cereal harvest.
National production rebounded in 2013
During the previous 2012/13 cropping season, significantly below average rains in southern regions resulted in production short-falls and deterioration in livestock conditions. However, in the large crop producing areas of the central provinces of Huamba, Bie and Huala production recovered in 2013 from the drought affected levels of 2012.
Accordingly, the national cereal output in 2013 was estimated at about 1.1 million tonnes, about double the level of 2012s harvest and 8 percent up on the previous five-year average.
Inflation rate remains generally stable in 2013
The annual inflation rate in 2013 averaged at nearly 9 percent, slightly lower than the 10 percent recorded in the previous year. The introduction of a new customs tariff in January 2014 is expected to exert some inflationary pressure on imported goods, including food products.
Food security conditions aggravated in southern areas
In response to a second successive poor cereal harvest in southern regions in 2013, with a decline in production of up to 70 percent below average in some areas, the Government is providing assistance focused in the worst affected provinces of Cuanda Cubango, Cunene and Namibe to help meet households’ minimum needs until July 2014.