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Country Briefs


Reference Date: 18-July-2018


  1. Cereal production in 2018 expected at above average level, due to generally favourable weather conditions

  2. Prices of cereals continue to rise and are higher year-on-year as of May

  3. Food security situation foreseen to worsen slightly in 2018, due to fall in cereal production and higher prices

Cereal production in 2018 forecast to remain above average

Harvesting of the main cereal crops was concluded in June, while the minor winter wheat crop was planted in May. Cereal production in 2018 is forecast at an above-average level of 2.5 million tonnes, although maize, sorghum and millet yields are foreseen lower on a yearly basis. The yearly decrease in production results from a period of below-average rains in February and March that depressed yield levels. However, generally good weather conditions before and after helped avert a steeper decrease and maintained crop production at an above-average level.

Increasing cereal prices persist

Prices of maize flour and rice in Luanda have continued their increasing trend in 2018 and, as of May 2018, prices were 10 and 14 percent higher, respectively, than their year-earlier values. The increasing price levels in 2018 partly reflect the depreciation of the national currency, the Kwanza, since the abandonment of the peg at the start of the year. In addition, a reduction of the State subsidy on fuel also added upward pressure.

Food security conditions expected to worsen slightly

Food security conditions are expected to worsen slightly in 2018 compared to the previous year reflecting increasing food prices and the reduced cereal harvest. However, given the foreseen above-average 2018 cereal production and above-average carryover stocks of cereals from 2017’s bumper harvest, the number of food insecure people is expected to remain below the high level of 2015, when 1.3 million people were in need of food assistance due to a sharp decrease in agricultural output. In 2017, an estimated 750 000 people were in need of food assistance, based on the results from the Angolan Vulnerability Assessment Committee’s evaluation. The official estimates on the number of food insecure for this year have not yet been released.

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