Reference Date: 03-June-2015
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Good crop harvest was gathered in 2014 in spite of erratic precipitation in parts of the country
Markets are well supplied and cereal prices have fallen significantly
However, about 51 000 people need urgent assistance
Cropping season in 2015 has started in South
Seasonal rains commenced in April in the southern part of the country, allowing land preparation and planting of the first maize crop to start. In the North, which only has one rainy season, planting of the 2015 cereal crops is expected to start in the weeks ahead with the onset of the rains.
Good food crop harvest was gathered in 2014
In spite of erratic rains in parts of the country, the 2014 aggregate cereal production, mostly maize, is estimated to be similar to the previous year’s good harvest. The decline in millet and sorghum production was partially offset by an increased maize output.
The aggregate 2014 cereal production was estimated at about 1.6 million tonnes, similar to the previous year’s harvest, but about 9 percent above the five-year average. Production of maize, the main staple cereal, is estimated to be similar to the previous year’s above-average level of 1.3 million tonnes.
Production of root crops is also estimated to have increased significantly.
Cereal prices remained mostly stable in recent months
Prices of maize, the main staple food, have been following a downward trend over the past few months and remained significantly lower than a year earlier reflecting adequate supplies across the country. Maize prices on the Cotonou markets in March 2015 were 25 percent lower than in March 2014. Prices of imported rice, mainly consumed in urban centres, remained stable across the country, in line with trends in international markets.
In spite of the favourable food supply situation, about 51 000 people, located mostly in the northern part of the country, are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above and require food assistance, according to the last Cadre Harmonisé analysis conducted in the country.