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Reference Date: 10-June-2015


  1. Cereal production in 2015 forecast to decline from last year’s record crop but to remain at above-average levels

  2. Exports of cereals on the rise

  3. Prices of staple foods remain stable in past months

Cereal production in 2015 is forecast to decline from last year’s record crop but to remain at above-average levels

The 2015 winter cereal crops, mainly wheat, to be harvested from July, are currently growing under overall favourable weather conditions. The slightly above-normal temperatures are contributing to an advanced development of the crops.

Planting of the 2015 spring crops, mainly barley and maize, which was somehow hampered because of the above average rains in April, is now complete.

The outlook for this year’s cereal production is largely positive. After a mild winter, most of the country benefitted from adequate and timely rains, with slightly drier-than-usual conditions recorded only in southern eastern provinces (Mogilev, Gomel and Brest).

Favourable cropping conditions, combined with timely provision of fertilizers, seeds and other agricultural inputs through State subsidies, are anticipated to result in higher yields of cereals this season.

The area planted to cereals (winter and spring seasons) was estimated at 2.6 million hectares or close to the five-year average, with winter cereals plantings accounting for about 45 percent of the total.

The aggregate 2015 cereals output is forecast at around 8.7 million tonnes, which is 4 percent lower than last year’s level but still 8 percent above the five-year average.

Exports of cereals on the rise

With increased cereal production in recent years, the country has become a net exporter of cereals. Export opportunities are mainly connected to its membership with the Eurasian Economic Union, whose other members are the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan. In 2014/15 the cereals exports are projected at about 720 000 tonnes.

Prices of staple foods remain stable in past months

National average prices of staple foods, wheat products and potatoes, remained generally stable over the past months. In April, prices of wheat flour and potatoes were around their year-earlier levels, but those of bread were higher, in nominal terms.

Relevant links:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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