Reference Date: 05-August-2013
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Planting of main season maize crop completed under average rainfall conditions
Mixed performance of the just harvested second season maize crop
High food prices observed in conflict-affected areas in eastern and southern DRC, while prices in western parts are stable
Civil insecurity continues to hamper food access in conflict-affected areas
Average rainfall benefit planting of main season crops; the just concluded harvest of the second season maize crop results in mixed performance
In the northern provinces of Equateur and Oriental, the planting of the main season maize crops, to be harvested from October, has been completed under average rainfall conditions. Planting of the rice crop, for harvested from November, is nearing completion.
The harvest of the second season maize crops was completed between May and July. Satellite based analysis indicate that good rains benefited crops in northern and southern regions while poor rains may have affected crops in central provinces of Bandundu, Kasai Occidental and Kasai Oriental.
Food prices remain high in conflict-affected areas
Prices of cereals increased sharply in recent months in areas affected by civil insecurity, reaching record levels and showing a marked volatility. In June, prices of maize in Bunia in the eastern Ituri province, and Lubumbashi in the southern Katanga province, despite having declined as newly harvested crops increased supplies, were still about 144 and 52 percent higher, respectively, than in Kisangani, Bandudu, Kikwit and Mbandaka markets, located in relatively peaceful areas of the country.
In the capital city Kinshasa, prices of major staple food crops for urban consumers such as rice, wheat flour and cassava have been generally stable during the last 12 months.
Civil conflict continues to limit access to food
Persistent insecurity continues to restrict access to land and agricultural inputs, limiting households’ productive capacity, while high food prices in eastern and southern provinces are exacerbating food insecurity for poor households.
According to the latest available Integrated food security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis, the number of people in acute food insecurity and livelihood crisis (IPC phases 3 and 4) was estimated at about 6.4 million as of June, with an increase of about 75 000 people compared to October 2012. Two-thirds of them (about 4.2 million persons) are considered severely food insecure and are mostly concentrated in Northern Kivu province in the east and in Katanga province in the south, where the escalation of civil conflict in recent months severely damaged local livelihood systems and caused massive displacement. As of late July, the total number of IDPs was estimated at about 2.6 million, with North and South Kivu and Katanga provinces accounting for almost 80 percent of them. Since mid-February 2013, DRC has received an increasing number of refugees from the Central African Republic and so far about 43 000 refugees have been registered by the UNHCR.
The international community plans to assist 3.9 million beneficiaries through a Consolidated Appeal Process, which by early August has received about 51 percent of its required funding of USD 893 million.