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Country Briefs


Reference Date: 10-October-2016


  1. Cereal production 2016 estimated at bumper level

  2. Cereal imports expected to remain at high levels in 2016/17 marketing year

  3. Cereal prices declined in September

Cereal 2016 production estimated at bumper level

Harvest of the main 2016 cereal season is virtually concluded. After two years of reduced cereal crops due to El Niño, cereal output is anticipated to recover and reach bumper levels. The increase mainly reflects larger rice and maize crops expected. Plantings of both crops increased significantly reflecting higher domestic prices at the beginning of the year, while increased precipitation levels since June, as a result of the dissipation of the El Niño phenomenon, improved yield prospects significantly compared to the previous year’s drought‑reduced levels, particularly for rice. Total cereal output is anticipated at 4.3 million tonnes, 19 percent above last year’s level and significantly above the five‑year average.

Cereal imports expected to remain at high levels in 2016/17 marketing year

Cereal imports in the 2016/17 marketing year (July/June) are forecast to remain relatively unchanged from the previous year’s level and well above the country’s five‑year average, mainly reflecting high import demand for rice and maize. Imports during the marketing year are anticipated to reach 7.5 million tonnes.

Cereal prices declined in September

Rice prices declined in September for the third consecutive month from their record levels earlier this year. High levels of imports have pressured prices lower.

Yellow maize prices declined further in September and were down from a year earlier reflecting adequate market supplies from the good 2016 harvest, recently gathered, and imports.