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Reference Date: 07-March-2016


  1. Cereal production recovered strongly in 2015 following favourable weather conditions

  2. Food security conditions expected to improve in 2015/16 marketing year (November/October), reflecting good supplies from exceptionally good crop and favourable trends in international food export markets

Adequate rains in 2015 resulted in above‑average cereal production

Harvesting of the 2014 cereal and pulses crops was completed in December. Favourable weather conditions contributed to a significant increase in cereal production this season. Preliminary estimates put the 2015 maize crop at some 9 000 tonnes mostly produced in Santiago Island (68 percent) and Fogo Island (17 percent). This level of production is nine times the previous year’s drought‑reduced output and 80 percent above average.

In 2014, cereal production sharply declined due to irregular rains. Maize production was estimated at about 1 000 tonnes, 82 percent below the previous year’s poor harvest. The agricultural production has followed a steep downward trend over the last few years.

Food security situation expected to improve in 2015/16

Overall food availability is expected to be good during the 2015/16 marketing year (November/October), reflecting declining cereal prices on the international market and good supplies from the exceptionally good crop. Cabo Verde is highly dependent on cereal imports, especially for rice and wheat, which are not grown in the country. Approximately 80 percent of the national cereal requirements are imported. International cereal prices have been following a downward trend over the last few years. In addition, the sharp increase in domestic production will have a positive impact on farmers’ income and access to food. Results of the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis in the country indicate that about 5 000 people are currently in Phase 3: “Crisis” and need urgent assistance, compared to about 30 000 people a year ago.

Relevant links:
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2005, 2002
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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