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Country Briefs

  Cabo Verde

Reference Date: 04-April-2017

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Cereal production in 2016 estimated at near-average levels

  2. Food security conditions expected to remain stable in 2016/17 marketing year (November/October) reflecting good supplies from two consecutive good harvests

An average cereal harvest gathered in 2016

Harvesting of the 2016/17 cereal and pulses crops was completed in January 2017. Maize production is concentrated in the two islands of Santiago (about 60 percent) and Fogo (25 percent). Despite irregular precipitation during the cropping season, preliminary estimates put the 2016 maize crop harvest at about 5.6 million tonnes, 33 percent below the previous year’s record level and similar to the five-year average.

In 2015, favourable weather conditions contributed to a significant increase in cereal production. Official estimates put the 2015 maize crop at some 9 000 tonnes, mostly produced in Santiago and Fogo islands. This level of production was nine times higher than the previous year’s drought‑reduced output and significantly above average.

Food security situation expected to remain stable in 2016/17 marketing year

Overall food availability is expected to remain adequate during the 2016/17 marketing year (November/October) reflecting relatively low cereal prices on the international market and good supplies from two consecutive years of good crops. The country is highly dependent on cereal imports, especially for rice and wheat, which are not locally grown. Approximately 80 percent of national cereal requirements are imported.

Despite the good domestic production, which had a positive impact on farmers’ income and access to food, the results of the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis indicated that about 3 600 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and need urgent assistance between March and May 2017.