GIEWS Country Briefs

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Reference Date: 09-February-2015


  1. Another below-average cereal production is expected in 2014

  2. Food security conditions expected to remain stable in 2013/14 marketing year (November/October), reflecting favourable trends in international food export markets

  3. However, about 30 000 people need urgent assistance

Sharp decline in 2014 cereal production due to irregular rains

Harvesting of the 2014 cereal and pulses crops was completed in December. Due to a late start of the rainy season and erratic precipitation during the cropping season, a very low harvest is expected for the fourth consecutive year. A joint CILSS/FAO Crop Assessment Mission recently estimated the output from the maize crop at some 1 000 tonnes mostly produced in Santiago Island (45 percent) and Fogo island (34 percent). This level of production is the lowest ever recorded in the country. Production of beans and potatoes will also be below normal.

The 2013 maize production was estimated at about 5 700 tonnes, 5 percent below the previous year’s poor harvest. The agricultural production has followed a steep downward trend over the last few years.

Food security conditions expected to remain stable

In spite of the reduced crop, overall food availability is expected to remain adequate during the 2014/15 marketing year (November/October), reflecting declining cereal prices on the international market. Cabo Verde is highly dependent on cereal imports, especially for rice and wheat, which are not grown in the country. Approximately 80 percent of the national cereal requirements are imported. However, the sharp decline in production will have a negative impact on farmers’ income and access to food. Preliminary results of the recent “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis in the country indicate that about 30 000 people are currently in Phase 3: “Crisis” and need urgent assistance.

Relevant links:
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2005, 2002
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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