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Country Briefs

  Cabo Verde

Reference Date: 22-September-2016


  1. Planting of 2016 maize crop was completed recently; harvest prospects are generally favourable

  2. Food security conditions expected to remain stable for rest of 2015/16 marketing year (November/October), reflecting good supplies from last year’s bumper crop and favourable trends in international food export markets

Overall prospects favourable for 2016 cereal production

Planting of the 2016 maize, the only cereal grown in the country, and pulses crops was completed in August. Maize production is concentrated in the two islands of Santiago Island (about 55 percent) and Fogo Island (30 percent). Due to adequate precipitation during the cropping season, an above-average harvest is expected for the second consecutive year.

Last year, favourable weather conditions contributed to a significant increase in cereal production. Official estimates put the 2015 maize crop at some 9 000 tonnes, mostly produced in Santiago and Fogo Islands. This level of production is nine times higher than the previous year’s drought‑reduced output and 80 percent above average.

In 2014, cereal production sharply declined due to irregular rains. Maize production was estimated at about 1 000 tonnes, 82 percent below the previous year’s poor harvest. Agricultural production has followed a steep downward trend over the last few years.

Food security situation expected to remain stable for rest of marketing year

Overall food availability has been adequate, reflecting relatively low cereal prices on the international market and good supplies from the exceptionally good crop. Cabo Verde is highly dependent on cereal imports, especially for rice and wheat, which are not grown in the country. Approximately 80 percent of the national cereal requirements are imported. International cereal prices have been following a downward trend over the last few years.

Despite, the sharp increase in domestic production which had a positive impact on farmers’ income and access to food, results of the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis in the country indicate that about 10 800 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and need urgent assistance, about 30 000 people compared to the previous year.