Reference Date: 18-May-2015
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Another below-average cereal production was gathered in 2014
Food security conditions expected to remain stable in 2014/15 marketing year (November/October), reflecting favourable trends in international food export markets
However, about 32 000 people need urgent assistance
Seasonably dry conditions prevail
The rainy season has not started yet. Planting of maize normally starts in July with the onset of the rains on the main islands.
Sharp decline in 2014 cereal production due to irregular rains
Harvesting of the 2014 cereal and pulses crops was completed in December. Due to a late start of the rainy season and erratic precipitation during the cropping season, a very low harvest was gathered for the fourth consecutive year.
The 2014 maize crop was estimated at some 1 000 tonnes mostly produced in Santiago Island (45 percent) and Fogo Island (34 percent). This level of production is the lowest ever recorded in the country. Production of beans and potatoes was also below normal.
The 2013 maize production was estimated at about 5 700 tonnes, 5 percent below the previous year’s poor harvest. The agricultural production has followed a steep downward trend over the last few years.
Food security conditions expected to remain stable
In spite of the reduced crop, overall food availability is expected to remain adequate during the 2014/15 marketing year (November/October), reflecting declining cereal prices on the international market. Cabo Verde is highly dependent on cereal imports, especially for rice and wheat, which are not grown in the country. Approximately 80 percent of the national cereal requirements are imported. However, the sharp decline in production will have a negative impact on farmers’ income and access to food. Results of the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis in the country indicate that about 32 000 people are currently in Phase 3: “Crisis” and need urgent assistance.
FAO is providing assistance to 8 237 rural households most vulnerable to the impact of last year’s sharp fall in crop production. The emergency intervention includes the distribution of food crop seeds, animal feed and drip irrigation equipment.