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Reference Date: 19-October-2015


  1. Recovery in cereal production compared to last year’s weather-stricken harvest

  2. Wheat imports expected to remain on par with last year despite partial recovery in production owing to depletion of carryover stocks

  3. Annualized food inflation eases in June 2015 but remains high

  4. Humanitarian assistance continued under Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) to refugees

Recovery in cereal production compared to last year’s weather-stricken harvest

Harvesting of 2015 winter grains concluded in mid-August while sowing of 2016 winter grains normally starts later in October. Although favourable weather conditions with timely rains prevailed earlier in the season, excessively hot weather (up to 45 degrees Celsius) in early May might have limited production gains, mainly in northern and northeastern Algeria. The Government estimates the 2015 cereal harvest to be about 4 million tonnes, 18 percent above the last year’s dry-weather stricken harvest but some 12 percent below-average.

Elsewhere in the sector, in the five-year plan covering 2015 to 2019, the Government plans to achieve the doubling of the cereal grain production from 3.4 million tonnes in 2014 to almost 7 million tonnes in 2019. The instruments to be applied are the expansion of the irrigated area by an additional 1 million hectares and improved distribution of fertilizers and certified seeds.

Wheat imports expected on par with last year

Even in years of ample domestic production, Algeria relies heavily on cereal grain imports from the international market, with common wheat being the most prominent. In the last five years, the country imported an average of almost 6 million tonnes of wheat, averaging 70 percent of its domestic utilization.

The wheat import requirement for 2015/16 (July/June), is projected to remain unchanged at 7.2 million tonnes compared to 2014/15, owing to depletion of stocks accumulated during two consecutive years of good harvests in 2012 and 2013. The countries exporting wheat to Algeria include France, Canada, Germany, the United States of America, Spain and Mexico.

Annualized food inflation eases in June

Food accounts for 43 percent of total households’ expenditures in Algeria. Accordingly, overall inflation rates are heavily influenced by food inflation. The annualized rate of food inflation in August 2015 reached 3.7 percent. Bread, dairy, milk, sugar and cooking oils benefit from ongoing Government subsidies.

Continued humanitarian assistance under Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation

The WFP is carrying out three activities in the country under the ongoing Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation running from January 2013 until December 2015 with a total budget of USD 66 million. The three activities include general food distribution, nutrition activities targeting mother and child health and a school feeding programme by providing 90 000 general food rations plus 35 000 supplementary general food rations to the most vulnerable refugees from Western Sahara.

Algeria has been hosting Western Saharan refugees since 1975. The five main camps (Ausserd, Boujdour, Dakhla, Laayoune and Smara), hosting about 90 000 refugees, are spread in the desert between 30 and 180 km from the southwestern town of Tindouf, in a harsh desert environment where livelihood and self-reliance opportunities are extremely limited. In addition, the area is too remote to enable the refugees to participate in the local economy.

Relevant links:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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