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Algeria PDF version    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 19-May-2015


  1. Recovery in cereal production expected compared to last year’s weather-stricken harvest

  2. Wheat imports expected to slightly decrease in 2014/15 owing to good carryover stocks, especially from 2012 and 2013 good harvests

  3. Annualized food inflation eases in March 2015 but remains high

  4. Humanitarian assistance continued under Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) to refugees

Recovery in cereal production expected compared to last year’s weather-stricken harvest

Harvesting of 2015 winter grains will start in mid-June. Although favourable weather conditions with timely rains prevailing earlier in the season, excessively hot weather (up to 45 degrees Celsius in early May might have caused heat damage to late developing wheat in early grain-filling stages, mainly in northern and northeastern Algeria. Thus, the preliminary forecast for an average wheat production might be revised downwards.

Elsewhere in the sector, in the five-year plan covering 2015 to 2019, the Government plans to achieve the doubling of the grain production from 3.4 million tonnes in 2014 to almost 7 million tonnes in 2019. The instruments to be applied are the expansion of the irrigated area by an additional 1 million hectare and improved distribution of fertilizers and certified seeds.

Despite below-average wheat harvest in 2014, wheat imports decreased slightly in 2014/15

Although weather conditions in the autumn of 2013 were beneficial for crop establishment, rainfall deficits in northeastern Algeria, which produces most of the domestic supply, negatively impacted crop development and yields. The 2014 cereal production reached about 3.3 million tonnes.

Even in years of ample domestic production, Algeria relies heavily on grain imports from the international market, with wheat being the most prominent. In the last five years, the country imported an average of almost 6 million tonnes of wheat, averaging 70 percent of its domestic utilization.

Despite a below-average harvest gathered in 2014, the wheat import requirement for 2014/15 (July/June), is projected to decrease to 7.2 million tonnes compared to the 7.3 million tonnes in 2013/14, owing to stocks from two consecutive years of good harvests in 2012 and 2013. The countries exporting wheat to Algeria include France, Canada, Germany, the United States of America, Spain and Mexico.

Annualized food inflation eases in March but remains high

Food accounts for 43 percent of total households’ expenditures in Algeria. Accordingly, overall inflation rates are heavily influenced by food inflation. The annualized rate of food inflation started increasing in October 2014 reaching over 9 percent mainly due to doubling in the price for potatoes and 15-25 percent increases in prices of vegetables, poultry and eggs. Bread, dairy, milk, sugar and cooking oils benefit from ongoing Government subsidies.

Continued humanitarian assistance under Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation

The WFP is carrying out three activities in the country under the ongoing Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation running from January 2013 until December 2015 with a total budget of USD 66 million. The three activities include general food distribution, nutrition activities targeting mother and child health and a school feeding programme by providing 90 000 general food rations plus 35 000 supplementary general food rations to the most vulnerable refugees from the Western Sahara.

Algeria has been hosting Western Saharan refugees since 1975. The five main camps (Ausserd, Boujdour, Dakhla, Laayoune and Smara), hosting about 90 000 refugees, are spread in the desert between 30 and 180 km from the southwestern town of Tindouf, in a harsh desert environment where livelihood and self-reliance opportunities are extremely limited. In addition, the area is too remote to enable the refugees to participate in the local economy.

Relevant links:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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