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Algeria PDF version    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 16-September-2014


  1. Below-average cereal harvest in 2014 due to drought in parts

  2. Wheat imports expected to slightly decrease in 2014/15 owing to good harvests in previous years

  3. Annualized food inflation increases in June

  4. Continued humanitarian assistance needed for Western Saharan refugees in Algeria

Below-average cereal harvest gathered in 2014

The 2014 grain harvest is concluded. Although weather conditions last autumn were beneficial for crop establishment, rainfall deficits in Eastern Algeria, which produces most of the domestic supply, negatively impacted crop development and yields. Preliminary forecasts indicate that the 2014 cereal production reached about 4.6 million tonnes. At this level, the crop is about 6 percent lower than last year’s average crop.

Wheat imports expected to decrease slightly in 2014/15

Even in years of ample domestic production, Algeria relies heavily on grain imports from the international market, with wheat being the most prominent. In the last five years, the country imported an average of almost 6 million tonnes of wheat, averaging 70 percent of its domestic utilization.

Despite a below-average harvest gathered in 2014, the wheat import requirement for 2014/15 (July/June), is projected to decrease to 6.60 million tonnes compared to the 7.5 million tonnes in 2013/14, owing to stocks from two consecutive years of good harvests in 2012 and 2013. The countries exporting wheat to Algeria include France, Canada, Germany, the United States, Spain and Mexico.

Annualized food inflation increases in June

Food accounts for 43 percent of total households’ expenditures in Algeria. Accordingly, overall inflation rates are heavily influenced by food inflation. The annualized rate of food inflation increased in June by 4.3 percent mainly due to a 30 percent increase in the price for potatoes, and 12–15 percent increases in prices of fruit, vegetables and poultry. Bread, dairy, milk, sugar and cooking oils benefit from ongoing Government subsidies.

Continued humanitarian assistance needed for West Saharan refugees

Algeria has been hosting Western Saharan refugees since 1975. The five main camps (Ausserd, Boujdour, Dakhla, Laayoune and Smara), hosting about 90 000 refugees, are spread in the desert between 30 and 180 km from the southwestern town of Tindouf, in a harsh desert environment where livelihood and self-reliance opportunities are extremely limited. In addition, the area is too remote to enable the refugees to participate in the local economy.

In the framework of a United Nations Global Appeal, WFP is currently assisting 90 000 beneficiaries through a Protracted Relief and Recovery operation that started in January 2013 and is planned for two years, for a total cost of USD 66 million. In addition, the Government provides substantive assistance to the refugees such as free access to electricity, scholarship for secondary and high school education, grants in kind given by the Algerian population and distributed by the Algerian Red Crescent.

Relevant links:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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