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Country Briefs

  Georgia

Reference Date: 11-April-2016

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Total cereal production in 2016 anticipated to decline from 2015 level

  2. Imports of cereals in 2015/16 forecast close to previous year’s level

  3. Prices of wheat products stable in March

Cereal production in 2016 anticipated to decline from 2015 record level

The 2016 winter wheat for harvest in July is well advanced, while the maize crop, accounting, in average, for about 77 percent of the total cereal production, is being sown. Recent remote sensing data show adequate precipitation levels in recent months. Assuming favourable weather in the remaining of the spring season and a return to normal yields from last year’s record level, early forecasts for the 2016 wheat crop point to an output of 100 000 tonnes, just half of the exceptionally high production of last year. By contrast, outputs of maize and barley are expected to grow somewhat in 2016.

Imports of cereals in 2015/16 expected close to those of previous marketing year

Cereals imports are anticipated to remain unchanged from last year despite a record high wheat production in 2015. The country imports about 90 percent of its total domestic wheat consumption as local production is of low quality. It was reported that 80 percent of 2015 wheat production was feed quality. Most of the wheat imports come from the Russian Federation.

Prices of wheat products were stable in March

Prices of wheat flour and bread were stable in March and around their levels at the same time a year earlier, reflecting lower export quotations from the Russian Federation, the main supplier. Prices of potatoes declined in March and were 4 percent lower than their year‑earlier levels, despite a reduced production in 2015.