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Country Briefs

  Georgia

Reference Date: 22-May-2017

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Total cereal production in 2017 anticipated to decline from last year’s record level

  2. Imports of cereals in 2017/18 forecast above previous year’s level

  3. Prices of wheat products and potatoes increased in April

Cereal production in 2017 forecast to decline from high level of previous year

The 2017 winter cereals (wheat and barley) are currently in the last stage of development and will be harvested from July. Maize, which on average accounts for more than 70 percent of total cereal production, is now being sown.

According to satellite imagery, the level of precipitation has been adequate in most areas over the last months. The only region with area, having more than 50 percent of cropland affected by the drought, is Kvemo Kartli (South-East of the country, see ASI map), which produces less than 10 percent of the total production of wheat and barley.

Assuming normal weather conditions for the remaining season and average yields, early the forecast for 2017 cereal production is set at 419 000 tonnes, about 16 percent below the exceptionally high level of the previous year. The decrease comes mainly from the smaller wheat production, which is forecast at 113 000 tonnes, more than a 40 percent decline from the record of 2016, when favourable weather helped to achieve high yields.

Imports of cereals in 2017/18 expected above previous marketing year

Cereals imports in the 2017/18 marketing year (July/June) are anticipated to increase from last year following an expectation of a smaller wheat production in 2017. Wheat imports, which account for about 80 percent of the total cereal imports, are forecast at 550 000 tonnes.

The country imports about 90 percent of its total domestic wheat consumption as local production is of low quality. Most of the wheat and wheat flour imports come from the Russian Federation.

Prices of wheat products and potatoes increased in April

Prices of wheat flour increased in April by around 4 percent, but were around their levels of three months ago and just 2 percent above their levels in April 2016. Despite the decline over the previous year in export prices, domestic wheat flour prices were supported by a weak national currency, which makes imported goods more expensive.

Prices of potatoes increased in April by more than 20 percent and were 40 percent above their levels of September 2016, despite a good local production in 2016.