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Country Briefs

  Ghana

Reference Date: 16-May-2017

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Cereal production in 2016 estimated at above average level

  2. Overall food supply situation satisfactory following 2016 good harvests

Cropping season in 2017 started in South

Seasonal rains commenced in March in the southern part of the country, allowing land preparation and maize planting to start. Dry conditions prevail in most parts of the North, where planting is expected to begin in the weeks ahead with the onset of the rains.

Above-average 2016 cereal production

Overall growing conditions were favourable during the 2016 cropping season. Precipitation was above the previous year’s levels in the southern part of the country with cumulative rainfall exceeding 200 percent of the average in the coastal regions. Similarly, climatic conditions were generally favourable across the northern savannah agro-ecological zone. In addition, the continuation of Government assistance in the form of subsidized fertilizers and increased technical support for large-scale farming supported crop development throughout the season. Official estimates put the 2016 aggregate cereal production at about 3 million tonnes, 8 percent above both the 2015 harvest and the five-year average levels. Maize output increased by about 6 percent.

Food prices declined following main season harvests

Prices of coarse grains have declined in recent months reflecting improved availabilities from the recently-completed harvests. Cereal prices followed a steady upward trend in 2015, driven mostly by a steep depreciation of the national currency that caused the consumer price inflation rate to more than triple over the last three years. Cereal production has been mostly stagnant in recent years, which has exacerbated the strong upward trend.

The results of the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis in the country indicated that about 160 000 people were estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and needed urgent assistance between March and May 2017.