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Reference Date: 27-February-2015


  1. Above-average cereal production in 2014, despite erratic precipitation in parts of the country

  2. Access to food constrained by high inflation rate

Another good cereal crop was gathered in 2014

There is little agricultural activity in this period, except for limited cultivation of some off-season crops. Planting of main season crops are expected to begin with the start of the rainy season from March.

Harvesting of the 2014 second season maize crop was completed in January in the South. In the North, which has only one rainy season, harvesting of coarse grains was completed last December. The aggregate cereal production in 2014 is estimated at about 2.9 million tonnes, which is 6 percent above the previous year’s good output and well above-average. In spite of the erratic precipitation in parts of the country, the continuation of Government assistance, in the form of subsidized fertilizers and increased technical support for large-scale farming, supported crop development throughout the season. The improvement was also driven by the continuing growth in rice production which doubled over the last six years.

High inflation rate affect access to food

Although cereal production has been following an upward trend in recent years, access to food continues to be constrained by high consumer price inflation. The inflation rate increased steadily in 2014 with the year-on-year inflation reaching 17 percent in December.

Relevant links:
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2002
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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