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Reference Date: 25-April-2016


  1. Preliminary estimates for 2015 harvest indicate an average cereal production

  2. Access to food constrained by high inflation rate

Cropping season in 2016 has started in the South

Seasonal rains commenced in March in the southern part of the country, allowing land preparation and maize planting to start. Dry conditions prevail in most parts of the North, where planting is expected to start in the weeks ahead with the onset of the rains.

Average cereal harvest gathered in 2015

In the South, harvesting of the 2015 second season maize crop was completed in January 2016. In the North, which has only one rainy season, harvesting of coarse grains was completed in December 2015. Delayed rainfall characterized the beginning of the agricultural season in most parts of the country, while in the major producing regions, poor rainfall distribution and long dry spells hampered crop‑growing conditions, notably in southern regions. Official estimates put the 2015 aggregate cereal production at some 2.75 million tonnes, a slight decrease compared to the previous year’s and the average outputs. Maize production is estimated at about 1.69 million tonnes, representing a 4 percent decrease over the 2014 level.

High inflation rate continues to affect access to food

Cereal prices have followed a steady upward trend in 2015, driven mostly by a steep depreciation of the national currency that caused the consumer price inflation rate to more than triple over the last three years reaching 19.2 percent in March 2016. Cereal production has been mostly stagnant in recent years, which has exacerbated the strong upward trend.

Relevant links:
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2002
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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