Reference Date: 10-February-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Aggregate cereal production in 2013 forecast to increase on previous year
Access to food improved in recent years reflecting lower inflation
Large number of people exposed to chronic food insecurity
A good 2013 cereal output forecast
Harvesting of maize, millet and sorghum was completed in November, while harvesting operations of rice, the most important crop produced in the country have just been completed. Most cropping areas benefited from beneficial rains and remote sensing analysis indicates that cumulative rainfall estimates were 10 to 50 percent above average during the cropping period (April‑September) in most areas of the country. As a result, a joint FAO/WFP/CILSS/ FEWSNET/Government crop assessment mission that visited the country in September 2013 put the aggregate 2013 cereal production at 3.4 million tonnes, about 6 percent up on 2012.
Access to food has improved in recent years reflecting lower inflation
Following a strong depreciation of the Guinea Franc, inflation peaked at 34 percent in 2006, seriously eroding the purchasing power and access to food of both urban and rural populations (prices of rice, the staple food for Guineans, more than doubled between 2006 and 2007). In the following years rates of inflation were high and volatile. Subsequently, the Guinean Franc became relatively stable from early 2012, pushing inflation down from 21 percent in 2011 to 15.2 percent in 2012 and to 12.7 percent in 2013.
A substantial section of the population is exposed to chronic food insecurity
Large numbers of people are exposed to chronic food insecurity and malnutrition. According to a joint WFP/Government survey of food security and vulnerability conducted in 2012, out of a total population of 6.7 million, 220 000 individuals were estimated to suffer from severe food insecurity, while 1.8 million were estimated to be moderately food insecure. The areas most affected by food insecurity are the regions located in the west (Boké, Kindia, Conakry) and in the South (N’Zérékoré).